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Part 1. Farenheight! Overview of functions, features, and best organizational behavior? reports. How to farenheight 911, make load testing easy enough to include in routine testing for the flea, each software iteration. Published on December 11, 2007. This content is part # of 911 # in the series: Load testing Web applications using IBM Rational Performance Tester. This content is part of the series: Load testing Web applications using IBM Rational Performance Tester. Stay tuned for additional content in this series. This article will be useful to any of the following people: Project Manager who decides what tool to use Project Leader Assistant Project Manager Functional Tester Manual Functional Tester Automated Functional Tester Performance Tester who is the key person who knows and uses this tool Application Developer Quality Assurance staff or contractors.
IBM® Rational® Performance Tester is a performance testing tool that emulates various user loads to How Creativity and Enhanced within an Organization, mimic the real-life loads. With proper planning coupled with realistic simulation, this tool uses the current loads to farenheight 911, estimate future loads. For example, a customer's application may potentially serve a total of 5000 users. The Flea Poem! With Rational Performance Tester, you can easily emulate the user loads at 1000, 2000, 3000, 4000, 5000 and beyond to farenheight, project the right user growth, so that you can also project server sizing, such as optimal CPU and memory requirements, more accurately. You can identify and diagnose performance bottlenecks, whether such problems occur in the network, database, the application server, or even the four functions of management examples, user application. The root cause analysis capability further analyzes application tiers, which may include page components such as Enterprise Java™Beans (EJBs), servlets, a Java™ Database Connectivity (JDBC) API, Web services, and farenheight so forth. Is An Activity! This functionality enables you to pinpoint the farenheight 911, performance culprit easily and efficiently by analyzing the online or extracted reports. Rational Performance Tester also helps you create, run, and analyze performance tests and validate the scalability and reliability of Is an Essay your Web-based applications before deployment.
The default supported protocols, such as HTTP and HTTPS, allow you to run the load tests on Web applications. Farenheight! Several extensions are also available: IBM® Rational® Performance Tester Extension for Happiness Is an Essay, Citrix Presentation Server IBM® Rational® Performance Tester Extension for farenheight, SOA Quality IBM® Rational® Performance Tester Extension for Siebel Test Automation IBM® Rational® Performance Tester Extension for SAP Solutions. Rational Performance Tester works in a way similar to recording a video clip using a camcorder. It allows you to record the steps that you want to run load test on, and then replay the steps with the appropriate user loads. Can Be And Enhanced Within Essay! Part 1 of this series (this article) introduces the features and functions included in Version 7.
In a typical scenario, to farenheight 911, load test a Web application, you identify the what devour mean, various scenarios by well-defined test plans. During a load test, a meaningful user that loads breakdown to multiple test clients is often desirable. With the farenheight 911, appropriate proportions of Essay user loads spread across multiple machines, it ensures that meaningful reports are generated. 911! That's a good way to avoid a test machine being under-used while the others may be overly stressed. Parts 2 and 3 of this series will discuss considerations for of the following best, effectively breaking down user loads easily without affecting the test scripts previously recorded.
It will explore using a visually guided, directory-based (tree-based) editor and steps to 911, create, edit, schedule the emulation, and get analysis reports. A load test is only as good as the reports of the results; therefore, the last part of The Number Our Cars this series, Part 4, is all about reports. We will explain how to farenheight, examine, diagnose, analyze, and interpret various analysis reports that Rational Performance Tester provides. For example, a Web application can be broken down into devour various components, such as EJBs, servlets, JDBC, and Web services for 911, analysis. We will also explore the the flea poem, default reports and describe how to customize them. The goal of this series is to help you understand the farenheight 911, features, topological considerations, and constraints so that you can create and test Web applications and analyze the performance reports. With this knowledge and the ease of use of Rational Performance Tester, load testing a Web application will no longer be a burdensome chore, and you can include it for each iteration of your software. IBM Rational Performance Tester gives you feature-rich capabilities that make load testing not only functions efficient but easy. No longer will you have to fiddle with the complex test scripts that need high maintenance, most often using only semi-automated test tools. You won't need to code the test scripts, either, because administrative tasks are based on farenheight 911, an interactive graphical user interface (GUI) that is built on the Eclipse 3.2 framework.
In other words, you can handle the complete test cycle by using a GUI, yet you'll still have the option of using custom code for more advanced testing. This GUI approach encompasses the following main categories: Interactive graphical test Test creation, refining, replaying, and four scheduling datapooling and correlation Workload breakdown and assignment Real-time system monitoring Real-time report analysis Version control Custom code and extending tests Scaling and maintenance. The remainder of this article explores each of these categories: First and foremost, IBM Rational Performance Tester is farenheight 911, built upon an extensible development platform, using Eclipse framework Version 3.2. The benefits of the of the defines behavior?, Eclipse framework are aplenty from the development viewpoint, but as far as practitioners are concerned, IBM Rational Performance Tester provides comprehensive, context-sensitive GUI perspectives to create, manage, and schedule test scripts. From test creation, user load distribution, to data collection, you get corresponding views.
Figure 1 shows a default test perspective. Figure 1. GUI test based on Eclipse. Depending on the perspective that you use, the corresponding view may change according to the perspective. For example, the default test perspective provides a four-pane console with the corresponding views, such as General Outline, General Properties, Test Performance Test Runs in the bottom-left pane and farenheight General Tasks, Test Recorder Control, Test Protocol Data in the bottom pane. However, you are not limited to the default views. Any time, you can include views that are relevant for particular tasks, such as Database Explorer or Error Log views.
Adding a particular view to your workspace is straight-forward. For example, to explore database connectivity using the can be and Enhanced, Database Explorer, just follow these steps: Select Windows Show View Other . More commonly used views, such as the 911, Error Log, Outline, and Tasks, are listed in the drop-down list to make selection easier (see Figure 2). The default test perspective comes with a preconfigured set of views. You can customize a perspective to can be Developed and Enhanced an Organization, include or exclude views. Use the Type-Forward Filtering feature (Figure 3) to farenheight 911, search for the view that you want, which you can often do without having to complete the the flea poem, entire search string.
In this case, the suffix is the word data for the Database Explorer view. Various perspectives with corresponding views for different tasks are provided, ranging from farenheight, General, Analysis, Connectivity, CBS, Debug, Profiling. and Logging to SQL Development. Just pick the Developed and Enhanced an Organization Essay, right perspective for the right moment. You can drag the views anywhere along the pane, rearrange them, or revert back to the default perspective if you need to go back to the original layout. However, the perspective reset is confined to the currently open perspective. For example, when it is selected, the 911, Database Explorer view appears as you see in Figure 4: Other points that are noteworthy: You can search views by four functions using the drop-down menu. Farenheight! From the menu, select Windows Navigate Next View . You can navigate to any views that are currently open in your workspace by pressing the up or down arrow . The same applies to Essay The Number, navigating perspectives. Alternatively, you can navigate views by using a shortcut key , such as CTRL-F7 (Next) or CTRL-SHIFT-F7 (Previous).
You can customize the shortcut keys from Menu Windows Preferences Keys (search word). The setting under General Keys will be applied to all perspectives. Perspectives can be customized and saved for your own needs (Figure 6). The three categories of customization are: the 911, available command groups, menu details, and functions of management examples toolbar details. Figure 6. Customizing perspectives. A Web Services Explorer is also provided. Real-time capturing, refining, replaying, and scheduling. To capture, refine, replay, and schedule a test run is simple as 1-2-3, because Rational Performance Tester is designed to farenheight 911, be easy for even novice users to The Number Offender, use. The underlying mechanisms, such as automatic script capturing and farenheight replay, are kept hidden from average users.
This is to Developed within an Organization Essay, simplify test creation and maintenance. To record a test, follow these steps: First, create a test project. From the menu, select File New Performance Test Project . Enter the project name when prompted. Choose the record. For a Web application, choose HTTP recording . Click Next . On the next page, choose the farenheight, test project for the test script that you named. You can capture any Web URL for the application under test when you see the which of the best, screen shown in Figure 10. Farenheight! When you are satisfied with your recording, click Exit Recorder . Best Behavior?! You can now proceed to refining your test script (by clicking) and replaying it in any manner. After you have recorded your test script, what's left is normally the refinement of test schedule. Farenheight! For example, you can customize your script in these ways, among others:
Add delay time (in milliseconds, or ms) between each virtual user, user think time, and statistical-level settings Define your own Datapools (discussed in the next topic) Correlate data (to ensure a smooth flow of meaningful data from of the following best defines, page to page) Add verification points (to examine the passing rate of each page under test) Add protocol-specific elements, transactions, a loop, a comment, conditional processing, and custom code. IBM Rational Performance Tester enables you to create any number of test projects, recordings, and schedules for running the test scripts. This section is farenheight 911, brief on what devour, purpose, because further explanations will be given in Part 2 of farenheight this series where you will follow a full load-testing cycle using IBM Rational Performance Tester. IBM Rational Performance Tester can supply variable data to dynamically load test data, either straight from the CSV file or from mean, custom code. This datapooling is a way to emulate real-life scenarios by farenheight substituting user data or activities where input is required. For example, imagine that you want to test the ACME Online application, which is an what does devour, online shopping cart. Farenheight 911! After logging in, users will search using particular keywords, browse the How Creativity Developed an Organization Essay, catalog, pick the items that they like, type in particulars, add comments, or evaluate their shopping experiences before checking out by specifying a payment method. Traditionally, the test data with varying values requires input from higher-skill personnel to farenheight 911, supply custom code. With datapooling, you can emulate each page that requires user input with your custom test data.
In the ACME Online scenario, a datapool can be created for user login, searching keywords, and so on. Best Defines! This feature enables you to build robust and farenheight 911 flexible test cases. Figure 11 shows a sample of an imported datapool in the datapool editor. You can perform the following actions on mean, the imported datapool: Add a record Remove a record Add a variable Edit a variable Remove a variable. A typical test case comprises multiple pages and, depending on the nature of the pages, there could be variables required for each page. This user input is encapsulated in HTML form and 911 posted by of the following defines behavior? either the get or post methods. You can create Datapools that correspond to 911, each page by naming them accordingly. For example, to effectively test an end-to-end Web application, the Datapools may consist of four functions examples pools such as UserLogin, SearchString, ItemName, PaymentMethod, and farenheight 911 so forth. There are only a few steps for creating and associating datapool with a page:
Right-click the Datapools folder (it's a good practice to put all Datapools in Is an a folder) or anywhere within the Test Navigator (see Figure 12). Figure 12. Adding a datapool, Step 1. Next, specify the name that the appropriate the 911, new datapool will fall under. In this example, it is does, under the Yahoo Entertainment Datapools folder. 911! Give it a name before clicking Next (see Figure 13). Figure 13.
Adding a datapool, Step 2. You can create a datapool of what does any columns and rows. Providing a description is optional (Figure 14). Figure 14. Farenheight 911! Adding a datapool, Step 3. Browse to Happiness, the desired CSV file (which you need to farenheight 911, have created previously). Click Finish to finish adding the datapool. Figure 15. Adding a datapool, Step 4.
Associating a page with a datapool. Associating a page with a datapool is straightforward. From the Performance test recording's test data section, highlight the row to substitute with the which best defines organizational, datapool, and farenheight then click Data Variable (Figure 16). The URLs with query strings will be detected automatically and displayed in a dark green color. Figure 16.
Associating a datapool with a page, Step 1. Click Add Datapool , click on the datapool that you want to add, and then click Select. (Figure 17). Figure 17. Associating the datapool with the the flea poem analysis, page, Step 2. To finish associating a datapool with a page, navigate to the column and click the Use Column button (Figure 18). Figure 18. Associating the datapool with the page, Step 3. The IBM Rational Performance Tester datapool feature enables you to substitute varying data, based on the varying pages navigated, thereby avoiding more complex alternatives, such as custom coding. You can build test cases based on farenheight 911, different combinations of page navigation, and associate each page that requires user input with one or more Datapools. However, for truly scalable test cases built by using a huge set of test data, substituting Datapools may not be the best solution.
In those situations, you can use the devour mean, custom code capability. For example, a Java™ developer can plug in custom code to pull in a huge set of farenheight 911 data on the fly. (For more about this, see the IBM® developerWorks® article titled Handling test data with IBM Rational Performance Tester 7.0: Part 2. Essay Air Pollution: The Number Offender! Using files for 911, very large sets of test data.) The ability to substitute a pool of data on the fly is coupled with the ability to correlate varying data to of management, emulate through testing a multi-user environment. Correlation (also known as using dynamic data) is a way to ensure that the request on the current page is based on the reference (value) of the previous page. Farenheight! Often, the data request on the current page is based on the response data from previous pages. Rational Performance Tester recognizes and automatically correlates these references to Essay Air Pollution: Offender Our Cars, distinctly emulate each user's activities. This way, a user is differentiated from another test user based on the distinct data requested from all of the farenheight 911, test pages. There are two ways to four of management, correlate data; Automatically (automated data correlation), where the farenheight 911, test generator automatically detects the Activity, previous value to substitute in the current request. Farenheight 911! As mentioned earlier, references (value from previous responses) will be used to correlate the four, subsequent request value.
You can also extend the correlation by using your own custom code. Farenheight! Manually , by breaking the existing correlation and link values from Essay Air Pollution:, previous responses as values to the current request. Although this is the 911, default behavior, you can turn off the automated data correlation. However, after you turn it off, you are on your own as far as data flow relationship for four functions examples, test pages is concerned. Turning it off is farenheight 911, easy (Figure 19): Go to Menu, Windows Preferences Performance Test Generation . Select the Data Correlation tab. Figure 19. Turn off data correlation.
Workload breakdown and assignment. To emulate the the flea, real-life scenario during application load testing, Rational Performance Tester gives you flexible options to make the testing as realistic as can be. 911! You can create as many test scripts and schedules as you wish and any combination of virtual user loads, dynamically. Often, you may wonder whether you have these options: Can I specify 1000 virtual testers to be run in three remote machines with equal breakdown of user loads?
Can I have 10% of the total virtual testers run first, followed by analysis another 10% before the 911, rest of them start? Can I have one group of virtual testers running certain portions of the pages within the application under test? Can I specify user think time? Can I randomize the test sequence? Can I run the load test remotely with each virtual user using a different IP? Can I run a test at the flea poem, a set rate? Because Rational Performance Tester allows you to farenheight 911, accomplish any permutation of these options, we will first explore how it allows different activities to be assigned to different groups with test elements attached to them, and how these elements affect the behavior of a load test. Figure 20 shows how easily you can break down the workload and assignments to different user groups, with each group carrying different virtual users. Happiness Activity Essay! For example, to add a new group:
Simply right-click on 911, the group from a test schedule (under Schedule Contents ). Choose the Add user group option. After you have created a group, you can break down the distribution among all the groups by attaching the test scripts (the recordings) to these groups. The relationship between a user group and four of management examples a test script is1:N. In other words, one user group can run more than one test script. As far as workload distribution is concerned, assigning the absolute user or percentage of farenheight users is which of the following best defines organizational, all you have to carry out. However, to emulate a real-life scenario, having just the workload distribution among various groups does not necessarily reflect a good test scenario. 911! To overcome this, Rational Performance Tester provides various elements that you can associate with a schedule. Happiness! Whether to Include these in the schedule or not depends on farenheight, the scenarios that you are testing. These elements are associated directly with a schedule. Figure 21 depicts some of the elements that can be included within a schedule. Figure 21.
Schedule with other elements. You can add these elements to a test schedule: Test script (recording): After it is recorded, you can assign a test script to a schedule. One schedule can have more than one test script assigned indirectly through various user groups, because each user group can have more than one test script. Group and How Creativity can be within Essay percentage assignment: This is for a user group that breaks down the workload. It includes the farenheight 911, ability to set the number of users that start a run. Does Devour Mean! For example: 50 absolute users starting to run at time T1. User think time: To emulate typical user think time, there are four options for settings; Recorded think time Fixed think time (by default, 2 seconds) Dynamically increasing or decreasing the think time by 911 percentage Randomizing the think time by percentage. Delay time: You can include the delay (in ms) between user runs. Hardly any real-life scenario achieves a high, true concurrency (for example, 20 users running precisely at does devour, time T1 without a decimal added).
Usually, 50-100 ms delay time is normal. If you set delay time to be 100 ms, it means that a user (virtual user) starts running at 12:00:00:00 noon, followed by the second user running at 12:00:00:01. Loop: This is to run a test at a set rate. From the Schedule Element Details panel, you can set the farenheight, number of iterations and control the rate of iterations (for instance, 2 per Essay sec). You can also randomize the delay between the iterations. Random selector: In real life, application page hit is usually random. This element is to provide randomization for a test run sequence, rather than running the test sequentially, by adding random selector. During the setting of the random selector, input for farenheight 911, weight is required. You will subsequently associate the weight with a test script.
IP alias: By using this, you can emulating each virtual user having one dedicated IP address. Part 2 of this series explains these elements in more detail. The goal of performance testing is to identify the performance bottleneck by which defines organizational behavior? collecting analysis data for 911, all components involved. Does Devour Mean! This includes application tier performance monitoring, such as application server level instrumentation for IBM® WebSphere® Application Servers (Versions 5 or later) and BEA WebLogic Version 8 or data collection using the Application Response Measurement (ARM) API for application servers that aren't natively supported, such as JBoss, Apache Tomcat, and so on. Also, the farenheight, database tier monitoring can be ARM-enabled. In that sense, all database activities can be collected and devour mean displayed as a UML sequence diagram. Enabling real-life application monitoring is 911, just one aspect of performance test monitoring. These levels of data collection (application and database tiers) are not complete without the ability to collect server-side resource level monitoring where the application components are running. There are more than three default real-time resource level monitoring methods supported by IBM Rational Performance Tester, including these: IBM® Tivoli® Monitoring UNIX® or Linux® rstatd daemon Microsoft® Windows® Performance Monitor (perfmon)
As an example, to monitor by using Windows Performance Monitor, you need to enable resource monitoring. Four Of Management Examples! Follow these steps to collect Windows Performance Monitor analysis data. Select the schedule. In the Schedule Element Details panel, click the Resource Monitoring tab. Check the option to Enable resource monitoring (see Figure 22). 911! For a new setup, click New to Happiness Essay, add it. You can also add an existing server to be monitored or edit from the server defined earlier. Figure 22. Enabling resource monitoring, Step1. After you click Add New , you can enter your username and farenheight 911 password under the Location tab.
You can then select the statistics that you want under Resource tab (Figure 23) and polling and four functions of management examples time-out intervals under Options tab. Figure 23. Enabling resource monitoring, Step 2. To monitor through IBM Tivoli Monitoring and 911 UNIX (or Linux) rstatd, you must ensure that they are up and running before you can connect to them. Apart from the real-time system monitoring, you can also import historical analysis data from IBM Tivoli Monitoring into can be Developed within Essay a performance report. For example, from the menu, select File Import , and then select Profile and Logging Resource Monitoring Data . Farenheight! The next screen allows you to specify the Tivoli-monitored server. Currently, you can import only IBM Tivoli Monitoring historical data. Essay Air Pollution: The Number Offender! (See Figure 24.) Figure 24. Importing historical data from farenheight, Tivoli. One of the best benefits of using Rational Performance Tester is the Activity Essay, online (and offline) analysis reports that can be generated to analyze the performance in general and the tool's ability to drill down to the root cause of specific problems. The default reports are more than sufficient for farenheight, general purposes.
If more advanced reports are required, you can customize the Is an Activity Essay, analysis reports to generate more meaningful, in-depth reports that provide more insight into the performance issues. There are four categories of HTTP reports available in IBM Rational Performance Tester:. Performance Report Page Element Report Percentile Report Verification Report. The details of various performance reports will be further covered in Part 3 of this series. Performance Report consists of farenheight high-level reports, such as overall run success rate, a summary page that showcases the total completed users, total elapsed time, average response time for all pages, and so forth. The online Performance Report is shown in different formats (9 tabs) for easy navigation. For example, Figure 25 shows Response vs. Time in a summary format. Figure 25.
Performance Report: Response vs. Time Summary. Page Element Report , a 5-tab report, consists of How Creativity can be Essay its own set of default analysis reports, such as Response vs. Time Details and Page Element Throughput. Figure 26 shows a typical Page Element Throughput report. Figure 26. Page Element Report - Page Element Throughput. Percentile Report , a 4-tab report, shows the percentile ranking associated with page response time. The default reports provided with this report include the summary and the 85th, 90th, and 95th percentiles. Farenheight! This type of report is usually used to determine the anomalies, such as a surge in page activity.
By associating the percentile with a page, data can be gathered at each page level to identify the page behavior at each of those key percentiles. These reports are one way to say that 85% of the pages are completed in which of the following best organizational behavior? X ms, 90% in Y ms and so on. You can create the relationship between percentiles and farenheight page response time so that it gives you the assurance that 85% of the pages were responded to in a specific time. Essay The Number Our Cars! Then, by visually comparing the reports with the subsequent Percentile Reports, you can easily tell when any anomalies occur. Figure 27 captures the 85th percentile, and it's not uncommon for simpler pages to have the exact 90th and 95th percentile, which means things are going reasonably well. Farenheight 911! As the example shows, 85% of the users completed downloading the Essay The Number, Yahoo! Entertainment page in 16,954 ms. Figure 27. Percentile Report - 85th. Verification Report , a 3-tab report, gives the Pass or Fail status for pages that are enabled for verification. Verification is farenheight 911, set under Test Content under the test script.
It is devour, a way to tell if a page request passes or fails the test. 911! The test metrics can be HTML page title, HTML return codem, and HTML response size (set from four examples, Windows references Performance Test Generation Verification Points ). Verification points can be turned on 911, for each page, as Figure 28 shows. Figure 28. Verification Point - Enabling. Page Verification Points report lists the what does mean, individual page with the corresponding passing or failing rate, plus the percentage passing rate. Farenheight 911! A sample Page Verification Points report shows the passing rate of the completed pages. In the Happiness Is an Activity Essay, example in Figure 29, there isn't a failed page; therefore, the passing rate is 100 percent. Figure 29. 911! Verification Point - Page Verification Points.
In addition to best, those four reports, you can drill down to page level for better understanding of response time based on page level. To drill down to farenheight 911, a page, pick a page (the vertical bar) on the Page Performance tab of the default performance report, and right-click to select Display Page Element Responses . For example, Figure 30 shows the My MTV Movie Awards '07 page, and Breaking News on Yahoo! was selected for drill-down. Figure 30. Page Element Response, Step 1. Figure 31. Page Element Response - Step 2. Rational Performance Tester also enables you to perform root cause analysis. How Creativity Developed An Organization Essay! This is facilitated in two ways: resource use (as mentioned earlier) and code execution statistics . Here, you can get a response time breakdown report from the performance report. This allows you to analyze statistics from the page elements during a scheduled test or to analyze any imported history data from external tools. Response time breakdown shows details such as the duration of each element for the system that you are testing.
Each page element is associated with an entry in the statistic in the details. Before getting the response time breakdown, you must enable the Response Time Breakdown option: Choose the schedule that contains the farenheight, test scripts, and then select Schedule Element Details Response Time Breakdown . What! Under Quick Links , check the box labeled Enable collection of response time data . Finally, select the box for the appropriate recording. Figure 32. Enabling Response Time Breakdown. Ensure that the DCI is running and ready to monitor. To start monitoring, go to Start All Programs IBM Software Development Platform IBM Rational Data Collection Infrastructure Start Monitoring . The Response Time Breakdown report gives the code execution-related statistics, which include the underlying component, such as JDBC, RMI/IIOP (Remote Method Invocation over Internet InterORB Protocol), Web services, EJBs, and so forth. Farenheight! Figure 33 shows a sample Response Time Breakdown report. Analysis! (You can also view Response Time Breakdown Statistics for more detail, although that option is not shown here.) Figure 33. Response time breakdown.
Usually, the response time breakdown is captured in the development environment. After it is farenheight 911, enabled and configured to collect the amount of data (low, medium, or high), and with the data collection infrastructure installed and what does devour running, you can get collections of data in 911 several ways: From a standard Web application performance test. Essay Air Pollution: The Number Offender Our Cars! From these performance monitoring tools: IBM® Tivoli® Monitoring for Transaction Performance, IBM® Tivoli® Composite Application Manager for Response Time Tracking, or IBM® Tivoli® Composite Application Manager for WebSphere. From the farenheight, Java™ 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE) application server though Application Response Measurement (ARM). Supported application servers are IBM® WebSphere® Application Server Versions 5 and 6, and BEA WebLogic Version 8. Web Services From an How Creativity Developed, ARM-instrumented application. This mode is to farenheight 911, support a non-supported J2EE application server. Data can be collected by manually inserting ARM API calls. The ARM instrumentation will produce a transaction sequence diagram by drilling down to the application under instrumentation. From application logs that applications, Web servers, and database servers generate.
These can be imported, analyzed, and correlated. Each application server needs to which defines organizational, be configured and instrumented to farenheight 911, use the data collection infrastructure. The sole purpose of starting the Data Collection Infrastructure (DCI) monitor is to collect analysis data. As mentioned earlier, to ensure that data is collected, the Essay Air Pollution: The Number Offender Our Cars, DCI needs to 911, be enabled (installed and running) for each host that the what does, application runs on and from which you want to collect data. Farenheight 911! Failure to the flea, do so will result in the error shown in Figure 34. Rational Performance Tester is packaged with IBM® Rational® ClearCase® LT for source version control to foster better collaboration in the development environment. ClearCase LT deploys a single-server model with fewer administrative requirements. Although naturally suited to a smaller environment, such as 25-30 developers and testers, you can use ClearCase or IBM® Rational® ClearCase MultiSite® editions for larger environments, and migration paths are provided for both. Assets such as projects, schedules, tests, custom code, Datapools, locations, and results can be put under source control. With IBM Rational ClearCase LT source control, the following features are provided: Check in and Check out: Checking in assets enable others to work on them.
Checking out instead allows you to work on farenheight 911, them in your local workbench Perspective support: CVS Repository Exploring (Figure 35) and Team Synchronizing perspectives. Figure 35. CVS related perspective. Multiple views: CVS Console, CVS History, and CVS Repository. Synchronization and Merge: Synchronization is Happiness Is an Essay, a way to inspect the differences between the 911, local workbench resources with a repository. It allows you to update resources in your local workbench and commit resources from the local workbench to mean, a repository. Merge enables you to work out a compromise when there is a resource conflict. The integration with Rational ClearCase LT introduces the capability of farenheight 911 sharing working assets in Happiness Is an Essay branches, or parallel development of assets. Anyone can share testing files by checking in and out from the work area, which can be updated at 911, any time by team members. Usually, individuals will work on portions of the team project locally, checking others' work by synchronizing any changes made in a branch. In a nutshell, all work carried out by Is an Essay an individual remains local and farenheight 911 that work will be shareable only after that person has published it by committing the work to the repository.
When you have committed changes to Happiness Is an Essay, the branch, the farenheight 911, changes will be copied from your local workbench to the branch. There may be various branches, such as one branch for each project running in parallel, based on functional requirements. Is An Activity Essay! The same applies to working with various branches. Farenheight 911! You would examine others' work by synchronizing your workbench first. To synchronize, IBM Rational Performance Tester is equipped with a Team Synchronizing perspective for devour, easy navigation and management. There are four modes related to synchronization: Incoming: Shows the resources in the CVS repository that differ from local workbench (ingoing changes only) Outgoing: Shows resources being modified in a local workbench (outgoing changes only) Incoming/Outgoing: Shows the combination of farenheight both incoming and outgoing changes Conflict: Shows resources that are in Our Cars conflict. Resources are in conflict when there is a more recent copy in the repository than the farenheight 911, one that you are working on. Conflicting resources can be resolved by merging them. Does Devour! Discarding your work or others' work may not be a good option.
Adding custom code and extending tests. IBM Rational Performance Tester is primarily an interactive GUI tester that enables even the novice user to perform load testing with ease. However, there is farenheight 911, occasionally a need for more advanced testing measures that require custom code to be added. The custom code option is represented by the green character C icon. You can insert custom code anywhere within a test script. Figure 36 illustrates two custom code snippets being inserted. When you first insert custom code, a class name will be generated automatically.
However, you can rename the class to something more meaningful to you, if you wish. When custom code has been inserted, you can immediately enter the code logic by switching to Essay Air Pollution: Our Cars, the Java source view (click View Code ). Alternatively, you can change the perspective to Java Browsing. Also, the inline Java IDE allows you to debug your code. There are two interfaces provided, CustomCode2 and ITestExecutionServices , for farenheight, you to extend test execution (a complete Javadoc is provided). The following scenarios are the typical use cases for four of management, extending test execution: Controlling the behavior of loops Running an exit to call on external program Finding the IP address of a group of users or an farenheight 911, individual user Setting and clearing cookies for a user Getting information from a user data area Correlating data from one page to another.
It's uncommon to test user loads dynamically for each test iteration remotely distributed across geographical boundaries. Is An! Traditional testing methods, with every test being confined to one location, may not be feasible for a geographically dispersed development team. In addition to farenheight, the ability to what devour, share test assets across boundaries, Rational Performance Tester enables you to farenheight 911, conduct the load test across different locations through a WAN (wide-area network). Functions Of Management Examples! Because servers may be scattered, geographically, the remote execution ability coupled with the low hardware requirements needed to run the test enables you to farenheight, deploy remote servers using IBM® AIX®, Linux, Microsoft® Windows®, and z/OS operating systems. For example, you might have 5 low-end servers emulating 5000 users from Singapore, 3 servers emulating 3000 users from Happiness Is an, Hong Kong, and so on. This testing method not only produces more realistic test results, it also reduces the cost of testing overall, because test results can be analyzed and shared among the teams and idle servers can be put to farenheight 911, good use. The minimal requirements, such as one CPU (in general) and 1MB memory per virtual user (in general) depend primarily on the complexity of the test pages.
There are factors that can increase the Activity Essay, amount of memory per virtual user. You can achieve much higher scalability by emulating realistic scenarios, such as using think time and 911 delay time for each user. Usually, it's a good idea not to put extra load on the administration server where central administration is being carried out, because workbench-related activities require resources from the server. After you have captured the test script, scaling up to more virtual users is the flea, a matter of adding more user groups. Rational Performance Tester handles the scalability seamlessly by allowing you to add more user groups and farenheight 911 assign either absolute users or users based on which following best behavior?, a percentage.
There is no need to re-capture the test script as long as the farenheight 911, test cases remains intact. The central administration allows a centralized view and management, with little administrative overhead required for administering remote test systems. The amount of effort that it takes to administer local and remote test servers is Air Pollution: Our Cars, identical, because administering remote servers is no more complicated than handling local ones. Figure 38 shows how easy it is to include remote servers as test servers. Figure 38. Farenheight 911! Remote Test Servers - Administration. In this first part of this four-part series, we looked at various capabilities provided by IBM Rational Performance Tester, including the easy-to-use GUI administration, reporting features, and scalability. Although this has been only a general overview, this article gave you a bird's-eye view of features and functions, You can use the knowledge gained in The Number this brief introduction to broaden your understanding of the load-testing tools that are among the software options of the IBM Rational Software Delivery Platform. In Parts 2 and 3, you will follow a full load-testing cycle, and in farenheight Part 4, you'll get a detailed look at Essay, the many reports and farenheight 911 their variations included in Rational Performance Tester and learn how to what does devour mean, customize them for your specific needs.
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2 Readme Information for Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (22.214.171.124) If you are on Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (126.96.36.199), this is the Readme section that you need to read. 911. This section of the Readme contains the following sub-sections: 2.1 Compatibility, Upgrading, Downgrading, and Installation. For late-breaking updates and best practices about preupgrade, post-upgrade, compatibility, and interoperability discussions, see Note 785351.1 on My Oracle Support (at https://support.oracle.com ) that links to the Upgrade Companion web site for Oracle Database 11 g Release 2. After installation is complete, do not manually remove or run cron jobs that remove /tmp/.oracle or /var/tmp/.oracle directories or their files while Oracle software is running. If you remove these files, then Oracle software can encounter intermittent hangs. Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a cluster and Oracle Restart installations fail with the following error: 2.1.1 Upgrading to analysis Release 188.8.131.52 Generates Suboptimal Plans for CHAR or NCHAR Data Type Columns. Farenheight. After upgrading to Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (184.108.40.206), the optimizer generates suboptimal plans for CHAR or NCHAR data type columns that have histogram statistics and when the which of the following defines OPTIMIZER_FEATURES_ENABLE parameter is set to a value of 220.127.116.11 (which is the default value in Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (18.104.22.168)). One workaround for this issue is to apply the patch for farenheight 911 bug 18255105. For CHAR or NCHAR data type columns that have histogram statistics, this patch marks them as stale. This patch also helps if you are using automatic statistics gathering or if you are using manual statistics gathering (with either the GATHER AUTO or GATHER STALE option) to gather statistics on the problematic tables. Another workaround is to find the tables that have CHAR or NCHAR data type columns that have histogram statistics (using the what DBA_TAB_COL_STATISTICS view) and execute the GATHER_TABLE_STATS procedure on 911 them.
Instead of what devour using the GATHER_TABLE_STATS procedure on the production system, gather statistics on a test system, export the statistics to a user statistics table, and 911 then import the statistics into How Creativity can be Developed and Enhanced an Organization Essay the production system. This workaround eliminates the need for farenheight 911 the patch for Activity Essay bug 18255105. When you collect statistics, set the NO_INVALIDATE parameter to FALSE so that the existing cursors (with suboptimal plans) are not shared when SQL statements are executed again. Gathering statistics for tables that have all of the following scenarios can also cause suboptimal plans: The tables have CHAR or NCHAR data type columns. The OPTIMIZER_FEATURES_ENABLE parameter is set to a value of 22.214.171.124 . The tables have histograms. Farenheight. Later, you change the OPTIMIZER_FEATURES_ENABLE parameter value to Essay Air Pollution: The Number Offender less than 126.96.36.199 (for example, you downgraded Oracle Database and set the OPTIMIZER_FEATURES_ENABLE parameter to a smaller value). In this scenario, you need to regather the statistics for those tables after changing the farenheight 911 OPTIMIZER_FEATURES_ENABLE parameter. 2.1.2 Downgrading Release 188.8.131.52 to functions of management examples 184.108.40.206 Results in an Error When You Run catdwgrd.sql. When downgrading from release 220.127.116.11 to 18.104.22.168, the following error is 911, raised when you run @catdwgrd.sql (reference Bug 11811073): Apply patch 11811073 for release 22.214.171.124 which provides an updated version of catrelod.sql . Applying this patch must be done prior to executing @catdwgrd.sql in the 126.96.36.199 environment. Is An Activity. 2.1.3 Downgrading a Database Having Database Control Configured. Consider the following when downgrading the database while having Database Control configured (reference Bug 9922349): If you are upgrading from 188.8.131.52 to 184.108.40.206 and then plan to downgrade to 220.127.116.11, you need to farenheight apply the Activity 18.104.22.168 PSU2 bundle patch in order to 911 downgrade Database Control as part of the database downgrade.
Without this patch, the emdwgrd utility would fail with IMPORT ( impdp ) errors when restoring Database Control data. When running emdwgrd on 22.214.171.124 Oracle RAC databases, you may need to pass an additional parameter, -serviceAlias , if you do not have system identifier (SID) aliases defined in tnsnames.ora . How Creativity Can Be Developed And Enhanced Within An Organization Essay. This is also needed for farenheight 911 single instance if SID and database names are different. For example: In the case of in-place downgrade from 126.96.36.199 to Air Pollution: Offender Our Cars 188.8.131.52 using the same Oracle home, you do not need to run emca -restore before running emdwngrd -restore . 2.1.4 Performing -force Upgrade Results in an Incorrect Grid Home Node List in Inventory. When a node crash occurs during an upgrade, a -force upgrade can be performed to upgrade a partial cluster minus the unavailable node (reference Bug 12933798). After performing a -force upgrade, the node list of the Grid home in inventory is not in 911, sync with the of management actual Oracle Grid Infrastructure deployment. The node list still contains the unavailable node. Because the node list in inventory is incorrect, the next upgrade or node addition, and farenheight 911 any other Oracle Grid Infrastructure deployment, fails.
After performing a -force upgrade, manually invoke the the flea poem following command as a CRS user: 2.1.5 ora.ons Status May Show UNKNOWN. After upgrading from release 184.108.40.206 to farenheight 911 220.127.116.11, you may see ora.ons status showing UNKNOWN with the explanation being CHECK TIMED OUT (reference Bug 12861771). The workaround is to what does mean kill the Oracle Notification Services (ONS) process and run srvctl start nodeapps . 2.1.6 Purge the Database Recycle Bin Before Upgrading. If the 911 following error is seen during the upgrade process, this may indicate that the recycle bin was not purged: Prior to upgrade, empty the database recycle bin by running the following command: If you anticipate downgrading back to release 18.104.22.168, then apply the patch for Happiness Activity Bug 7634119.
This action avoids the following DBMS_XS_DATA_SECURITY_EVENTS error: Apply this patch prior to running catrelod.sql . 2.1.8 Upgrading a Database With Oracle Data Mining (ODM) If you upgrade a database with the farenheight Data Mining option from can be Developed an Organization Essay 22.214.171.124 to 126.96.36.199, make sure that the DMSYS schema does not exist in your 188.8.131.52 database. Farenheight 911. If it does, you should drop the DMSYS schema and its associated objects from the database as follows: If the above SQL returns non-zero rows, create and run a SQL script as shown in the following example: If you upgrade a database from 10 g to Developed an Organization Essay 11.2, all Data Mining metadata objects are migrated from DMSYS to SYS . After the upgrade, when you determine that there is no need to perform a downgrade, set the initialization parameter COMPATIBLE to 11.2 and drop the DMSYS schema and its associated objects as described above. 911. 2.1.9 catrelod.sql Fails if the Time Zone File Version Used by does mean the Database Does Not Exist in 911, Oracle Home. The following error is returned when catrelod.sql is run as part of the downgrade process if you previously installed a recent version of the time zone file and what does mean used the DBMS_DST PL/SQL package to farenheight 911 upgrade TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE data to that version (reference Bug 9803834): See Step 2 of 'Downgrade the Database' in Chapter 6 of the Oracle Database Upgrade Guide for more details. If you previously installed a recent version of the what does mean time zone file and used the DBMS_DST PL/SQL package to upgrade TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE data to that version, then you must install the same version of the time zone file in the release to which you are downgrading. For example, the latest time zone files that are supplied with Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (11.2) are version 14. If, after the farenheight 911 database upgrade, you had used DBMS_DST to upgrade the TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE data to version 14, then install the version 14 time zone file in the release to which you are downgrading. This ensures that your TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE data is not logically corrupted during retrieval.
To find which version your database is using, query V$TIMEZONE_FILE . The Flea Poem Analysis. Also see the Oracle Database Globalization Support Guide for more information on 911 installing time zone files. Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM) rolling upgrade check does not allow rolling upgrade to be done from 184.108.40.206 to any later release (reference Bug 6872001). The following message is reported in the alert log: ORA-15156 is signalled by LMON which will then terminate the Is an Activity instance. When trying to farenheight 911 upgrade Oracle ASM from what does mean 220.127.116.11 to a later release of Oracle ASM, apply the 911 patch for this bug to 18.104.22.168 instances before rolling upgrade starts. This patch can be applied to 22.214.171.124 instances in a rolling fashion. 2.1.11 Oracle ACFS Registry May Be in Air Pollution:, an Inconsistent State After Installing or Upgrading to farenheight 126.96.36.199.0 or After An Oracle Clusterware Restart. If Oracle ASM is not used as the voting disk and quorum disk, the Oracle Automatic Storage Management Cluster File System (Oracle ACFS) registry resource will report OFFLINE after an install (reference Bug 9876173 and which best behavior? Bug 9864447).
This occurs because the 911 Oracle ACFS registry requires that Oracle ASM be used in order to provide Oracle ASM Dynamic Volume Manager (Oracle ADVM) volumes. 2.1.12 Multiple Interconnects and Oracle ACFS. If you have Oracle ACFS file systems on Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a cluster 11g release 2 (188.8.131.52), you upgrade Oracle Grid Infrastructure to 11 g release 2 (184.108.40.206), 11 g release 2 (220.127.116.11), or 11g release 2 (18.104.22.168) and you take advantage of Redundant Interconnect Usage and add one or more additional private interfaces to the private network, then you must restart the Oracle ASM instance on each upgraded cluster member node (reference Bug 9969133). A materialized view has a status of INVALID after both @catupgrd.sql and the flea poem @utlrp.sql have been run (reference Bug 12530178). 911. You can see this using the following command: If, after running both @catupgrd.sql to upgrade the and Enhanced database and @utlrp.sql to recompile invalid objects, there still exists an invalid materialized view, then issue the following SQL statement:
2.1.14 Tablespace and Fast Recovery Area Sizing. Fast Recovery was previously known as Flash Recovery. The Oracle Database 11 g Pre-Upgrade Information Utility ( utlu112i.sql ) estimates the additional space that is required in the SYSTEM tablespace and in farenheight 911, any tablespaces associated with the components that are in the database (for example, SYSAUX , DRSYS ) (reference Bug 13067061). For a manual upgrade, be sure to run this utility on your existing database prior to of the defines organizational upgrading. The tablespace size estimates may be too small, especially if Oracle XML DB is installed in 911, your database. However, to avoid potential space problems during either a manual upgrade or an upgrade using the How Creativity can be within an Organization Essay Database Upgrade Assistant (DBUA), you can set one data file for each tablespace to AUTOEXTEND ON MAXSIZE UNLIMITED for the duration of the upgrade. If you are using file systems for data file storage, then be sure there is adequate space in the file systems for 911 tablespace growth during the upgrade.
If you are using a Fast Recovery Area, then check that the size available is sufficient for the redo generated during the upgrade. If the size is the flea, inadequate, then an 911 ORA-19815 error will be written to the alert log, and the upgrade will stop until additional space is made available. The following sections describe deinstallation and deconfiguration restrictions. See Section 2.21.2, Deinstallation Tool Known Bugs for additional information. What Does Mean. 22.214.171.124 Deinstall Upgraded 11.2 Oracle RAC and Oracle Grid Infrastructure for farenheight 911 a Cluster Homes. After you deconfigure and devour mean deinstall an farenheight upgraded Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (11.2) Oracle RAC home and to deconfigure and does deinstall an 11.2 Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a cluster home, you must detach any pre-11.2 Oracle RAC software homes from the central Inventory (reference Bug 8666509). Detach the farenheight pre-11.2 Oracle RAC homes from the central inventory with the following command: 2.2 Features Not Available or Restricted in 126.96.36.199.
The following is devour mean, a list of components that are not available or are restricted in Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (188.8.131.52): Certain Oracle Text functionality based on third-party technologies, including AUTO_LEXER and CTX_ENTITY , have been disabled in 184.108.40.206 (reference Bug 12618046). For BASIC_LEXER , the usage of the INDEX_STEMS attribute values that depend on farenheight third-party technologies, is also affected. If this impacts an existing application, contact Oracle Support Services for of management guidance. You cannot use the rootcrs.pl script to delete nodes in Oracle Clusterware 11 g Release 2 (220.127.116.11) or 11 g Release 2 (18.104.22.168) (reference Bug 13712508). Farenheight 911. Oracle Database release 22.214.171.124, 126.96.36.199, or 188.8.131.52 upgrade to Oracle Clusterware release 184.108.40.206 is not supported if the 220.127.116.11, 18.104.22.168, or 22.214.171.124 release of Oracle Grid Infrastructure for which defines organizational a cluster is installed in a non-shared Oracle home and the 126.96.36.199 release of Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a cluster is installed in a shared Oracle home (reference Bug 10074804). Farenheight. The original and upgraded releases of Happiness Is an Activity Essay Oracle Clusterware should both be installed in either a shared or non-shared Oracle home. All Oracle Grid Infrastructure patch set upgrades must be out-of-place upgrades, in which case you install the patch set into a new Oracle Grid home (reference Bug 10210246).
In-place patch set upgrades are not supported. 2.3 Deprecated and Desupported Features for Oracle Database. Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (11.2) introduces behavior changes for your database in addition to new features. Changes in 911, behavior include deprecated and desupported initialization parameters, options, syntax, and the deprecation and desupport of features and components. For more information, see the Oracle Database Upgrade Guide. This section describes some of the four of management examples differences in behavior between Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (11.2) and farenheight 911 previous releases. Mean. The majority of the farenheight 911 information about upgrading and downgrading is four of management examples, already included in the Oracle Database Upgrade Guide . 2.4.1 Configure and Use SSL Certificates to Setup Authentication. This affects the security in farenheight 911, the connection between the Oracle Clusterware and which of the defines behavior? the mid-tier or JDBC client. JDBC or Oracle Universal Connection Pool's (UCP) Oracle RAC features like Fast Connection Failover (FCF) subscribe to notifications from the Oracle Notification Service (ONS) running on the Oracle RAC nodes. The connections between the ONS server in the database tier and the notification client in the mid-tier are usually not authenticated.
It is farenheight 911, possible to configure and use SSL certificates to setup the authentication but the steps are not clearly documented. The workaround is as follows: Create an Oracle Wallet to and Enhanced within store the 911 SSL certificate using the Happiness Is an Activity orapki interface: orapki wallet create -wallet sslwallet -auto_login. When prompted, provide ONS_Wallet as the password. orapki wallet add -wallet sslwallet -dn CN=ons_test,C=US -keysize 1024 -self_signed -validity 9999 -pwd ONS_Wallet. orapki wallet export -wallet sslwallet -dn CN=ons_test,C=US -cert sslwallet/cert.txt -pwd ONS_Wallet. Copy the farenheight wallet created in Step c to all other cluster nodes at the same location.
Stop the ONS server on all nodes in the cluster: Update the ONS configuration file on all nodes in the database tier to specify the location of the wallet created in Step 1: Open the file ORA_CRS_HOME /opmn/conf/ons.config. Add the walletfile parameter to does devour the ons.config file: walletfile= ORA_CRS_HOME /opmn/conf/sslwallet. Restart the ONS servers with the srvctl : If you are running a client-side ONS daemon on the mid-tier, there are two possible configurations: ONS started from OPMN (like in OracleAS 10.1.3. x ) which uses opmn.xml for its configuration. ONS started standalone (like using onsctl ), which uses ons.config for its configuration. For case (1), refer to the OPMN Administrator's Guide for the Oracle Application Server release. This involves modifying the opmn.xml file to specify the wallet location. Farenheight 911. For case (2), refer to the section titled Configuration of ONS in four functions examples, Appendix B of the Oracle Database JDBC Developer's Guide . The client-side ONS daemon can potentially run of farenheight 911 different machines. Copy the Essay Offender Our Cars wallet created in Step 1 to those client-side machines and specify the path on that client-side machine in 911, the ons.config file or in the opmn.xml file. If you are running remote ONS configuration without a client-side ONS daemon, refer to the Remote ONS Subscription subsection of the Configuring ONS for Fast Connection Failover subsection of the Using Fast Connection Failover section of the which following best defines organizational Fast Connection Failover chapter in the Oracle Database JDBC Developer's Guide . Copy the wallet created in Step 1 to those client-side machines and specify the path on that client-side machine in the ons.config file or in the opmn.xml file.
Alternatively, you can specify the following string as the setONSConfiguration argument: The Java properties file should contain one or more of the farenheight ONS Java properties listed below, but at least the oracle.ons.nodes property. The values for these Java properties would be similar to which best defines organizational behavior? those specified in the Remote ONS Subscription subsection previously noted in farenheight 911, this step: 2.4.2 Use of the Append Hint Runs Out of Memory When Loading Many Partitions. Use of direct-path INSERT to load a large number of partitions can exceed memory limits, especially when data compression is specified (reference Bug 6749894). Starting in 11.2, the number of partitions loaded at the same time will be limited, based on the PGA_AGGREGATE_TARGET initialization parameter, to preserve memory. Rows that are not stored in the partitions that are currently being loaded are saved in the temporary tablespace. After all rows are loaded for following defines organizational the current set of farenheight 911 partitions, other partitions are loaded from Essay Offender rows that are saved in the temporary tablespace. This behavior helps prevent the farenheight 911 direct-path INSERT from terminating because of insufficient memory. 2.4.3 Use Bloom Filter for Serial Queries on How Creativity an Organization Oracle Exadata.
Bloom filter can be used for serial queries on Oracle Exadata to push its evaluation into the storage cells. In previous 11.2 releases, bloom filter was used for serial queries in very limited scenarios. In this 188.8.131.52 release, Oracle allows bloom filter in more scenarios on Oracle Exadata only. This improves performance of the affected queries since, even though the query runs in serial on the server nodes, the farenheight 911 pushed bloom filter to the storage cells runs in parallel. 2.4.4 FILE_ACCESS_ROLE Default Behavior Change. The default behavior of the what does devour mean CTX system parameter FILE_ACCESS_ROLE has changed (reference Bug 8360111).
Customers with existing Oracle Text indexes that use the file or URL datastore must take action to continue to use the farenheight 911 indexes without error. The changes are as follows: If FILE_ACCESS_ROLE is null (the default), then access is Developed and Enhanced within Essay, not allowed. By default, users who were previously able to create indexes of this type will not be able to 911 create these indexes after the change. FILE_ACCESS_ROLE is now checked for index synchronization and Activity Essay document service operations. By default, users will not be able to synchronize indexes of 911 this type or use document service calls such as ctx_doc.highlight who were allowed to prior to this change. Poem Analysis. Only SYS will be allowed to 911 modify FILE_ACCESS_ROLE . Calling ctx_adm.set_parameter (FILE_ACESS_ROLE, role_name ) as a user other than SYS will now raise the Essay Offender new error: Users can set FILE_ACCESS_ROLE to PUBLIC to farenheight 911 explicitly disable this check (which was the How Creativity can be Developed Essay previous default behavior). 2.4.5 Non-Uniform Memory Access Optimizations and 911 Support Disabled in Essay Our Cars, 11.2.
With Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (11.2), non-uniform memory access support is disabled by default. This restriction applies to all platforms and farenheight operating systems (reference Bug 8450932). Non-uniform memory access optimizations and support in devour mean, the Oracle Database are only available for specific combinations of Oracle version, operating systems, and platforms. Work with Oracle Support Services and your hardware vendor to enable non-uniform memory access support. Note the following items when working with Java. Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (11.2) includes a fully functional Java Virtual Machine (JVM), as well as the Java class libraries for Sun's Java Development Kit (JDK) 6.0. 911. When combined with Oracle's JDBC and SQLJ, release 184.108.40.206 provides an enterprise class platform, Oracle JVM, for developing and deploying server-based Java applications. Refer to the Oracle JVM Readme file located at: For environments that consist of a single server, Oracle offers Oracle Secure Backup Express to back up your Oracle Database and other critical Oracle infrastructure to tape.
Oracle Secure Backup is fully integrated with Recovery Manager (RMAN) to the flea poem analysis provide data protection services. For larger environments, Oracle Secure Backup is available as a separately licensable product to back up many database servers and file systems to farenheight tape. Oracle Secure Backup release 10.4 is shipping with this Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (220.127.116.11). For more information on best organizational behavior? Oracle Secure Backup, refer to. 2.6.1 Globalization Restrictions Within Oracle Secure Backup. The following globalization restrictions apply to Oracle Secure Backup: The Oracle Secure Backup Web Tool and command line interface are available in English only, and are not globalized. All messages and documentation are in English. Oracle Secure Backup does not support file names or RMAN backup names that are encoded in character sets that do not support null byte termination, such as Unicode UTF-16.
Note that this restriction affects file names, not backup contents. Oracle Secure Backup can back up Oracle databases in any character set. 2.8 Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM) The following sections describe information pertinent to Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM). 2.8.1 Oracle Homes on Oracle ACFS Supported Starting With Release 11.2. 911. Placing Oracle homes on Oracle ACFS is supported starting with Oracle Database release 11.2 (reference Bug 10144982). Oracle ACFS can result in unexpected and inconsistent behavior if you attempt to place Oracle homes on Oracle ACFS on database versions prior to four functions of management examples 11.2. 2.8.2 Storing Oracle RAC Database-Related Files on an Oracle ACFS File System. Starting with Oracle Automatic Storage Management 11 g Release 2 (18.104.22.168), Oracle ACFS supports RMAN backups ( BACKUPSET file type), archive logs ( ARCHIVELOG file type), and Data Pump dumpsets ( DUMPSET file type). Note that Oracle ACFS snapshots are not supported with these files.
In addition, starting with Oracle Automatic Storage Management 11 g Release 2 (22.214.171.124), Oracle ACFS supports transient files in the flash recovery area (such as, archived redo logs, flashback logs, and RMAN backups (data file and control file)). Note that Oracle ACFS snapshots are not supported with these files. Permanent files, such as online redo logs and farenheight 911 copies of the current control files, are not supported. The Flea. 2.9 Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Cluster. Note the following items when working with Oracle Clusterware and Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM), which are installed with an Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a cluster installation. 2.9.1 Oracle ACFS and Oracle Clusterware Stack Shut Down. When attempting to farenheight shut down Oracle Clusterware, the Oracle Clusterware stack may report that it did not successfully stop on selected nodes (reference Bug 8651848).
If the Offender Our Cars database home is on Oracle ACFS, then you may receive the following error: This error can be ignored. Alternatively, the Oracle Clusterware stack may report that it did not successfully stop on selected nodes due to 911 the inability to How Creativity can be Developed an Organization Essay shut down the Oracle ACFS resources. If this occurs, take the following steps: Ensure that all file system activity to Oracle ACFS mount points is farenheight 911, quiesced by shutting down programs or processes and retry the Is an Activity shutdown. If the ora.registry.acfs resource check function times out, or the resource exhibits a state of UNKNOWN or INTERMEDIATE , then this may indicate an inability to access the Oracle Cluster Registry (OCR). The most common cause of this is a network failure. The commands acfsutil registry and ocrcheck may give you a better indicator of the specific error. Clear this error and attempt to stop Oracle Clusterware again. The Oracle Multimedia Readme file located at: The Oracle ODBC Driver Readme file is located at: 2.12 Oracle Real Application Clusters. Note the farenheight following items when working with Oracle RAC. 2.12.1 Moving root Owned Binaries That Need setuid to Local Nodes From NFS.
If you install an Oracle RAC database into a shared Oracle home on an NFS device, then you must copy the ORADISM binary ( oradism ) into a local directory on each node (reference Bug 7210614). To move oradism , take the Essay The Number Our Cars following steps: Copy the ORACLE_HOME /bin/oradism binary to an identical directory path on all cluster nodes. The path (for example, /u01/local/bin in the example in Step 2) must be local and not NFS. For example: Run the following commands, as the root user, to set ownership and permissions of the oradism executable: Create a symbolic link from the NFS shared home to the local oradism directory path. This needs to be done from one node only. Each node can then reference its own oradism using the symlink from the farenheight shared Oracle home. Examples. For example: If the Oracle home is an Oracle Database home directory, then repeat steps 1-3 for other binaries such as extjob , jssu , nmb , nmhs and nmo . You do not need to perform this step if the farenheight Oracle home is an Oracle Grid Infrastructure home directory.
The Oracle SQL Developer readme file is Essay Air Pollution: The Number Offender Our Cars, located at: Note the following items when working with Oracle Text. You should also check entries for the Oracle Text Application Developer's Guide in the Documentation Addendum. 2.15.1 Change to Supported Features. Certain Oracle Text functionality based on third-party technologies, including AUTO_LEXER and CTX_ENTITY , have been disabled in release 126.96.36.199 (reference Bug 12618046). 911. For BASIC_LEXER , the usage of the INDEX_STEMS attribute values that depend on third-party technologies, is also affected. If this impacts an existing application, contact Oracle Support Services for Is an Activity guidance. 2.15.2 Oracle Text Supplied Knowledge Bases. An Oracle Text knowledge base is a hierarchical tree of concepts used for theme indexing, ABOUT queries, and deriving themes for document services. The following Oracle Text services require that a knowledge base be installed: Index creation using a BASIC_LEXER preference where INDEX_THEMES=YES.
SYNC ing of an index where INDEX_THEMES=YES. CTX_QUERY.EXPLAIN , if using ABOUT or THEMES with TRANSFORM. CTX_DOC.SNIPPET (if using the ABOUT operator) CTX_DOC.POLICY_SNIPPET (if using the farenheight 911 ABOUT operator) CONTAINS queries that use ABOUT or THEMES with TRANSFORM. Which Following Behavior?. The Knowledge Base Extension Compiler, ctxkbtc. Farenheight. Clustering and classification services, if themes are specified.
If you plan to use any of these Oracle Text features, then you should install the supplied knowledge bases, English and French, from the Oracle Database Examples media, available for download on OTN. Note that you can extend the supplied knowledge bases, or create your own knowledge bases, possibly in Essay Our Cars, languages other than English and French. Farenheight. For more information about creating and extending knowledge bases, refer to the Oracle Text Reference . For information about how to install products from the Oracle Database Examples media, refer to the Oracle Database Examples Installation Guide that is specific to your platform. Consider the following when working with Oracle XML DB. 2.16.1 VARRAY Storage Default Change. In Oracle Database 11 g Release 1 (11.1), the default value for xdb:storeVarrayAsTable changed from FALSE to How Creativity can be Essay TRUE for XMLType object-relational storage. This default applied to the default table, but not when creating XMLType object-relational tables and farenheight columns after the schema registration (reference Bug 6858659). In Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (11.2), all VARRAY data elements are created as tables by what does default. This provides a significant performance increase at query time.
In addition, note the following: Tables created prior to 11.2 are not affected by this. The upgrade process retains storage parameters. This only affects tables created in farenheight, 11.2 or later. You can retain the pre-11.2 default of VARRAY storage as LOBs if you have small VARRAY data elements and you read and How Creativity Developed within an Organization or write the full VARRAY all at once. Farenheight 911. You have two options to revert to the flea analysis the pre-11.2 behavior: Re-register the schema with xdb:storeVarrayAsTable=FALSE . This affects the default and farenheight non-default tables. Or, when creating the table (for non default tables), you can use the STORE ALL VARRAYS AS LOBS clause to override the analysis default for all VARRAY data elements in farenheight, the XMLType.
This clause can only be used during table creation. It will return an error if used in the table_props at Happiness Activity, schema registration time. Farenheight. For schemas registered prior to 11.2 (when the default storage for VARRAY data elements was LOB ), you can use STORE ALL VARRAYS AS TABLES clause to override the default for all VARRAY data elements in does mean, the XMLType. 2.16.2 Change in Semantics of xdb:defaultTable Annotation. There is a change in behavior in the semantics of 911 xdb:defaultTable annotation while registering Oracle XML DB schemas in 11.2 as compared to 11.1 (reference Bug 7646934). If you specify xdb:defaultTable=MY_TAB without specifying xdb:sqlInline=false , Oracle XML DB creates the table as requested and Happiness Is an Activity Essay implicitly marks it as an out-of-line table. This behavior is different from 11.1 where the defaultTable annotation was ignored when the sqlInline setting was missing. For additional information about farenheight 911 Oracle Warehouse Builder (OWB) in Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (11.2), refer to the Oracle Warehouse Builder Release Notes. The Pro*C readme file is located at: The Pro*COBOL readme file is located at: For additional information regarding SQL*Plus, see the SQL*Plus Release Notes . This section lists known bugs for release 188.8.131.52.
A supplemental list of bugs may be found as part of the can be and Enhanced Essay release documentation specific for your platform. 2.21.1 Database Configuration Assistant (DBCA) Known Bugs. Depending on the number of server instances running on 911 a host and its utilization of Essay The Number Our Cars memory resources, the Database Configuration Assistant (DBCA) may run into 911 out-of-memory issues, and may fail with the following error: Workaround: Increase the Java heap size for DBCA from 128 MB to 256 MB. For example: If a 10.2.0.4 database is Happiness Is an, coexisting in an 11.2.0. x Oracle Grid Infrastructure environment and the owners of the 11.2 and farenheight 911 10.2 Oracle homes are different, 10.2.0.4 Database Configuration Assistant (DBCA) will not be able to parse Grid home listeners due to a permission issue. Workaround: Provide write permissions to the Gridhome/network/admin directory on all nodes during configuration of the database from the 10.2.0.4 Oracle home.
2.21.2 Deinstallation Tool Known Bugs. When using the deinstallation tool to which of the following deinstall a shared Oracle RAC home, some of the files or directories may not get deleted. Workaround: To remove the ORACLE_HOME , run the rm -rf $ORACLE_HOME command after the deinstallation tool exits. If Grid_home is created directly under a root-owned directory, the deinstallation tool cannot remove the top-level home directory. Farenheight 911. An empty Oracle home directory remains at four, the end of the deinstallation.
Workaround: Run rmdir ORACLE_HOME using the root user on all nodes. A deinstallation of Oracle Clusterware should ask you to detach any pre-11.2 Oracle RAC homes from the Oracle inventory. Workaround: After you deconfigure and deinstall an upgraded 11.2 Oracle RAC home and want to continue with deconfiguration and deinstallation of the Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a cluster home, first detach any pre-11.2 Oracle RAC software homes from the central Inventory. When running the deinstallation tool to deinstall the database, you will be prompted to expand the Oracle home and to select a component. 911. If you select the top level component, Oracle Database Server , and do not select the Oracle home, OUI does not show the can be Developed and Enhanced an Organization Essay message to run the farenheight deinstall utility and proceeds with the deinstallation of the database. Workaround: Run the deinstallation tool to deinstall the Oracle home. If you are running the deinstall tool from ORACLE_HOME that is Essay Our Cars, installed on shared NFS storage, then you will see errors related to .nfs files during ORACLE_HOME clean up. Workaround: To remove the ORACLE_HOME , run the rm -rf ORACLE_HOME command after the deinstall tool exits.
Alternatively, you can use the farenheight 911 standalone deinstall.zip and specify the location of the ORACLE_HOME . Following Best. 2.21.3 Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM) Known Bugs. During an upgrade of Oracle ASM release 10.1.0.5 to Single-Instance High Availability (SIHA) release 184.108.40.206, the rootupgrade.sh script returns the following error: Workaround: This error can be ignored. Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM) loses the rolling migration state if Cluster Ready Services (CRS) shuts down on all nodes. If this occurs, one of the Oracle ASM versions will fail with either the ORA-15153 or ORA-15163 error message. Workaround: Consider the following scenario of 4 nodes ( node1 , node2 , node3 , and node4 ) that are at release 220.127.116.11 and being upgraded to farenheight 911 release 18.104.22.168: node1 and node2 are upgraded to 22.214.171.124 and running. node3 and node 4 are still at following defines organizational behavior?, 126.96.36.199 and farenheight 911 running. Now consider that there is an outage where all CRS stacks are down which leaves the the flea analysis cluster in a heterogeneous state (that is, two nodes at 188.8.131.52 and two nodes at 184.108.40.206). Farenheight. To proceed with the upgrade, run one of the following steps (depending on Happiness Is an Activity Essay the node that was started as the farenheight 911 first node): If node3 or node4 was started as the first node (for example, as an 220.127.116.11 node), you need to run the ALTER SYSTEM START ROLLING MIGRATION TO '18.104.22.168' command on the Oracle ASM instance on node3 or node4 before you can bring up an 22.214.171.124 node.
If node1 or node2 was started as the first node, you need to which of the organizational the ALTER SYSTEM START ROLLING MIGRATION TO '126.96.36.199' command on farenheight the Oracle ASM instance on of the behavior? node1 or node2 before you can bring up any 188.8.131.52 node. Continue the upgrade procedure as already documented from this point forward. 911. Note that before executing one of the above steps to bring the Oracle ASM cluster back into rolling migration, you cannot start two nodes of different versions in the cluster. If you do so, one of the Oracle ASM versions will fail with either the four functions examples ORA-15153 or ORA-15163 error message. An 184.108.40.206 Oracle Clusterware rolling upgrade to 220.127.116.11 fails when Oracle Cluster Registry (OCR) is on farenheight Oracle ASM. Workaround: Apply the patch for bug 9413827 on 18.104.22.168 Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a cluster home before performing the upgrade. Cannot permanently stop the Oracle ASM instance. Workaround: If the Oracle ASM instance is disabled using SRVCTL, you must unregister Oracle ACFS-related resources to avoid restarting the Oracle ASM instance. The Flea Poem Analysis. Do this by executing the farenheight 911 following command as root: 2.21.4 Oracle ASM Dynamic Volume Manager (Oracle ADVM) Known Bugs. Essay Offender. Oracle ADVM does not support mounting ext3 file systems over Oracle ADVM with the 911 mount barrier option enabled.
The mount barrier option is enabled by default on SLES11. Workaround: Mount ext3 file system with -o barrier=1 . For example: After a rolling upgrade with Oracle Automatic Storage Management Cluster File System (Oracle ACFS) replication configured, it is possible that not all replication daemons are running in does, the cluster. This can be verified by running the following command: If the 911 transport daemon is not running on the nodes where the replicated Oracle ACFS file system is mounted, then the file system must be unmounted and remounted on all nodes after the upgrade is best defines organizational, complete. Run the same command again to verify that the daemon is running. On the fifth attempt to resize an Oracle ACFS file system, the following error is returned: Workaround: Set the compatible.advm attribute to 22.214.171.124. 911. Setting the compatible.advm attribute to 126.96.36.199 enables support for unlimited resizes to Oracle ACFS file systems. In releases prior to 188.8.131.52, it is possible to put the database home on an Oracle Automatic Storage Management Cluster File System (Oracle ACFS). Happiness Is An Essay. If the database home is on an Oracle ACFS file system, the farenheight database will have a hard start and stop dependency on the corresponding Oracle ACFS file system. After upgrading Oracle Grid Infrastructure or Oracle RAC to release 184.108.40.206, the dependency between the functions of management examples database and the Oracle ACFS file system, which stored the previous version's database home, is not deleted.
If using a different Oracle ACFS file system than was used to 911 store the previous version's database home, the database fails to Happiness Is an Activity Essay start. Workaround: After a database upgrade, if using a different Oracle ACFS file system for the database home, Oracle recommends that you review the list of Oracle ACFS file systems that you are using for the database, and update the 911 database dependencies on the file systems using the srvctl modify database -d db_unique_name -j acfs_path_list command (instead of the srvctl modify filesystem -j filesystem-list command). An ls command of a very large shared Oracle ACFS directory can hang, even if the files have been removed from the directory. Workaround: Set the compatible.advm attribute to 220.127.116.11. The Number Offender. After upgrading the compatible.advm attribute, the farenheight 911 performance improvements will be available on Essay Offender any newly created directories. If desired, files created prior to the change to the compatible.advm attribute can be copied into the newly created directories. Farenheight 911. In a cluster with a password-protected key store, when an Oracle ACFS file system using encryption is mounted through the Oracle ACFS mount registry, the administrator is not prompted to enter the which of the following best key store password. Although the process of mounting the file system succeeds, not all information required for Oracle ACFS encryption to work correctly is made available to the file system. Farenheight 911. In this case, encryption is not operational on four this file system and 911 any encrypted files in the file system are not available for read or write. Which Of The Best Organizational Behavior?. Workaround: In a cluster with a password-protected key store, do not use the farenheight Oracle ACFS mount registry for mounting any file systems that are using encryption.
If some file systems are already mounted through the the flea Oracle ACFS mount registry, unmount them and remove any such file systems from the mount registry to avoid possible unavailability of 911 encrypted data in the future. Then, remount these file systems without using the Oracle ACFS mount registry, providing the correct password when requested. When creating an Oracle ACFS mount point and adding it to the registry, the mount point is not mounted automatically if the Essay Air Pollution: Offender following conditions are met: The mount point directory was previously registered with the Oracle ACFS Registry. The mount point directory had been previously mounted. The mount point had then been unmounted and removed from the Oracle ACFS Registry. The ora.registry.acfs resource has not been restarted since the 911 mount point was deleted from the registry. Workaround: Remove the mount point directory from the of management examples file /tmp/ .usm_state_file . 2.21.6 Oracle Clusterware Known Bugs. If the farenheight JAVA_HOME environment variable is set in the user environment when root.sh or rootupgrade.sh runs as part of the clusterware install, then Oracle Trace File Analyzer (TFA) will fail to install. The following message is returned:
Workaround: This issue can be avoided by ensuring JAVA_HOME is not set prior to running the root scripts for Air Pollution: clusterware installation or upgrade or customers can download the latest TFA from My Oracle Support Note 1513912.1 (at https://support.oracle.com ). The Oracle Trace File Analyzer (TFA) uses a date and time stamp when naming collection directories and files. 911. In some non-English language environments, the use of the Air Pollution: operating system date command may return unexpected characters which are then used to name the directory and files. Workaround: This issue can be avoided by either exporting the environment variable LC_ALL=C before calling tfactl diagcollect or by downloading the latest TFA from My Oracle Support Note 1513912.1 (at https://support.oracle.com ). Service resources for pre-11.2 releases may be OFFLINE after Oracle Grid Infrastructure is upgraded to release 18.104.22.168. Workaround: Use the following command to manually start the OFFLINE service resources: Cluster Ready Services Daemon (CRSD) on farenheight 911 a non-PE master node may hang and functions of management examples stop processing Oracle Cluster Registry (OCR) requests if the OCR master failed while it was sending a message to it.
Workaround: Restart the CRSD process. Upgrading the Oracle Grid Infrastructure from farenheight 911 Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (22.214.171.124) to Oracle Database 12 c Release 1 (12.1) fails due to Oracle ACFS or Oracle ADVM resources being unable to stop. Workaround: Manually stop the resources using SRVCTL or CRSCTL, and retry the the flea poem analysis upgrade. 911. If an Essay Air Pollution: The Number attempt is made to relocate the Cluster Health Monitor (CHM) Repository to a directory that has previously contained it, the following error is returned: Workaround: Archive or delete the previous subdirectories ( hostname, hostnamebkp ) and try again. During upgrade of Cluster Ready Services (CRS) from 10.1.0.5 to 126.96.36.199, patch 3841387 is mandatory but the Cluster Verification Utility (CVU) prerequisite check does not enforce the requirement. Consequently, CVU does not issue an error if the 911 patch is not applied. Workaround: Manually ensure that patch 3841387 is applied to the 10.1.0.5 source home using the opatch lsinventory command before proceeding with the upgrade. While installing Oracle RAC software on a cluster configured with Grid Naming Service (GNS), the four examples Prerequisite's page might show a warning status for the GNS Integrity check even when GNS is working fine.
The message appears to be of the following type: Workaround: Run nslookup on the fully qualified names that are listed in the error message. If nslookup returns an IP address for 911 the name with a non-authoritative answer, then this warning can be ignored. If the four functions of management examples name does not resolve to an IP address, then follow the steps mentioned in Action part of the error message. Service resources for pre-11.2 releases may be OFFLINE after Oracle Grid Infrastructure is upgraded to release 188.8.131.52. Workaround: Use the following command to start the OFFLINE service resources manually: After an farenheight upgrade from Oracle ASM 10.2. x to Oracle Grid Infrastructure 11.2. x or Oracle ASM 11.2. x in an Oracle RAC environment, you must move the PFILE to an SPFILE in a disk group before running the add node operation, otherwise the correct initialization parameter file cannot be found. If you are preparing to upgrade Oracle Clusterware, and you use the within an Organization Essay Cluster Verification Utility (CVU) command runcluvfy.sh stage -pre crsinst -upgrade , then you may encounter the following error: The cause of this error is that olsnodes cannot return a list of nodes when Oracle Clusterware is farenheight 911, down.
Workaround: Run the Essay The Number Our Cars cluvfy.sh stage crsinst -upgrade command using the -n flag, and provide a comma-delimited list of 911 cluster member nodes. For example: In release 184.108.40.206, the default RETENTION_TIME size of a Cluster Health Monitor (CHM) repository in number of seconds is 30823 for a 4-node cluster or is (30823*4) divided by the number of nodes for other clusters. When upgrading from 220.127.116.11 to 18.104.22.168, the Happiness RETENTION_TIME is 6311 for a 4-node cluster. Workaround: Oracle recommends changing the RETENTION_TIME size from 6311 to 30823 for a 4-node cluster after upgrading from 22.214.171.124 to 911 126.96.36.199 by using the following oclumon command: Due to a problem in Oracle Clusterware starting with release 188.8.131.52, with the patches required for Oracle Exadata support or 184.108.40.206 CRS bundle Patch 1, in some cases the CSS daemon may fail when the clusterware is brought down on which defines another node, either due to a shutdown command or a failure. The symptom is an ASSERT in the CSSD log indicating that a maximum value has been exceeded.
For example: Workaround: Oracle recommends that customers running with the Oracle Exadata support patches or 220.127.116.11 CRS Bundle Patch 1 apply the patch for this bug to avoid this problem. This problem may also be seen during an farenheight upgrade from 18.104.22.168 with patches as indicated above. To eliminate the potential of an 22.214.171.124 node failing during upgrade, the patch for this bug may be applied to the 126.96.36.199 nodes prior to upgrade. When upgrading, it is recommended that the upgrade be completed on all nodes without restarting any non-upgraded nodes during the upgrade. If an which of the following best defines behavior? 188.8.131.52 node does fail while performing the upgrade, it should be upgraded as opposed to restarted. Farenheight 911. If two network interfaces are configured as public network interfaces in the cluster, the analysis failure of one public interface on a node does not result in automatic VIP failover to the other public interface.
Workaround: If multiple public networks interfaces are present, then use interface bonding for high availability. At the Oracle Clusterware installer Specify Network Interface Usage screen, choose only one (bonded) interface as public. When configuring public networks with srvctl add nodeapps or srvctl add vip , specify only a single network interface name in the -A or -S argument. Note: Also reference Bugs 3841387, 8262786, 8373758, 8406545, and 8441769. Oracle resources for 10.1, 10.2 and 11.1 Oracle RAC databases may not operate properly after upgrading Oracle Clusterware to 11.2.
Workaround: Apply the patches for any of the bugs listed here to the Oracle Database home. 2.21.7 Oracle Database Upgrade Assistant (DBUA) Known Bugs. The custom network configuration is not carried forward for Oracle RAC database upgrades to release 184.108.40.206. Workaround: The custom network configuration needs to be redone by manually copying the farenheight 911 settings from the source Oracle home to the target Oracle home. 2.21.8 Oracle Database Vault Known Bugs. The ACTION_NAME entry in does devour, the DVSYS.AUDIT_TRAIL$ table displays Realm Authorization Audit for a failed realm enforcement if the audit option is set to audit on success and farenheight failure. Four Examples. The RETURNCODE will show the correct error code that was triggered. Workaround: Use the RETURNCODE value to farenheight 911 determine whether a violation has occurred and the ACTION_NAME column to identify whether the audit was generated by a realm enforcement or command rule enforcement. Before Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (220.127.116.11), there was no mechanism to control the usage of ORADEBUG in the Oracle Database Vault environment.
Workaround: The DVSYS.DBMS_MACADM.ENABLE_ORADEBUG and DVSYS.DBMS_MACADM.DISABLE_ORADEBUG procedures can be used to How Creativity within restrict the ORADEBUG usage. 911. 2.21.9 Oracle Database QoS Management Known Bugs. This bug applies to recommendations for CPU resources managed by Oracle Database QoS Management. If the devour mean number of configured CPUs for farenheight 911 all instances on Happiness Essay a server is less than the number of physical CPUs for that server, then the nonallocated, or free, CPUs are not detected by farenheight Oracle Database QoS Management and no recommendation is best defines organizational, made to farenheight increase the number of configured CPUs. Only those slices that host databases are considered as donors for the target slice. Adding one of the Activity Essay non-allocated CPUs should be the first-ranked Move CPU action.
Workaround: Make sure the sum of CPU counts configured for each database instance on each server is the same as the number of physical CPUs. If a user creates a performance class with two or more services in its classifier(s) and these services are not all specified to run in the same server pool, the metrics graphs for that performance class on the Enterprise Manager Quality of Service (QoS) Management Performance Class details page are incorrect. 911. The Resource Use Time and Resource Wait Time graphs will only display metrics from one server pool. Poem Analysis. The other graphs will correctly display metrics for all server pools. Workaround: This bug will not affect the correct management or recommended actions associated with this type of performance class. 2.21.10 Oracle Database Enterprise Edition Known Bugs. The installer copies files to the temporary bootstrap location, usually in /tmp , using the -p option to preserve permissions on the source files. The source and the target file systems are not mounted with the same ACL options so the copy fails with the 911 following error because the permissions cannot be preserved on Happiness the target file system: Workaround: There are three possible workarounds: Mount the source file system and farenheight 911 the file system on which the /tmp directory resides using the same ACL options. Happiness Is An Activity. Mount the farenheight 911 file system on which the Developed and Enhanced an Organization source software exists using the noacl option. 911. Copy the installation software to the flea analysis the /tmp directory and retry the installation.
This issue is 911, also observed when the software (zipfile 1 and which of the best defines organizational behavior? 2) is not extracted in the same location or the 911 OSOPER group is specified during the installation. Current implementation of node-specific network interfaces requires complete definition of all networks used by Oracle RAC for which best defines organizational behavior? that node (that is, either node abides by global network configuration or it defines its own node-specific network configuration). As a corollary, once the first node-specific network interface is farenheight, defined for a given node, Oracle RAC will not consider any configured global network interfaces that are already configured and may have applied for the same node. Essay Offender. While this is correct, it presents a problem. If the farenheight 911 cluster had a working global network configuration, the moment a user updates it (using oifcfg ) to define a node-specific public interface, a global configuration will not be considered for this node, and it will have only Air Pollution: The Number, one newly-defined public interface. Any cluster interconnects that existed in the global network configuration, and farenheight may still resolve fine for Essay The Number this node, will not be considered valid.
Thus, the node loses cluster interconnects and PCW stack goes down on 911 that node. How Creativity An Organization Essay. Workaround: If the farenheight node belongs to a global cluster network configuration, then if there is an of management intent to farenheight make network configuration node-specific, the first defined node-specific interface must be cluster interconnect, so that node never loses interconnect with other cluster nodes. Then, other node-specific interfaces can be defined as necessary. When using 11.1 DBCA to remove a database on the flea analysis a cluster running 11.2 Oracle Clusterware, a PRKP-1061/CRS-2524 error may be displayed because the farenheight database resource is locked. Functions Examples. Workaround: You can ignore the message. Click OK to continue.
2.21.11 Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control Known Bugs. The Oracle home value for the Cluster Target is not changed after a Cluster Ready Services (CRS) upgrade for Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control (Cloud Control). Workaround: Modify the Cluster Target properties in Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control or in Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control for the cluster and its related targets as shown in the following steps: Go to the Targets page and farenheight 911 click All Targets. How Creativity Can Be Within. Select the target. Select a target menu item, click Target Setup, and click Monitoring Configuration. Farenheight. On the Monitoring Configuration page, set the Oracle Home Path to upgraded Clusterware Oracle Home. When attempting to Happiness Essay upgrade Cluster Ready Services (CRS) or Oracle ASM to release 11.2 using the Oracle ASM Configuration Assistant (ASMCA), the upgrade succeeds, but it may fail to update the new clusterware home for cluster targets in existing agent homes due to farenheight 911 permission issues. As a result, Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control and Database Control cannot monitor the Oracle ASM and what CRS targets. Workaround: Modify OracleHome property of Oracle ASM and Cluster targets using the Monitoring Configuration link on farenheight 911 ASM and Cluster home pages, respectively. emctl commands did not return valid results as expected.
Workaround: The emctl command needs to be run from an Oracle Database home. Do not invoke this command from the Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a cluster home. If the four functions of management examples installation owners for the Oracle Grid Infrastructure for farenheight 911 a cluster and Oracle Database are different, then the owners of Oracle ASM binaries and How Creativity Developed and Enhanced within an Organization Oracle Enterprise Manager Agent binaries are also different. When you start Support Workbench, the error message Error Operation failed - Operation failed might appear, because the farenheight 911 Oracle Enterprise Manager Agent is running as a different user, and Support Workbench does not have permissions for the Oracle ASM target. If the database is which following best defines organizational, installed using the seed provided in the installation kit, and the OLAP option is not selected, then either at the end of the installation or some time later, the OLAP Analytic Workspace and OLAP API components will be reported as invalid. This will not affect the running of the instance in any way, other than the error messages. Workaround: Do one of the following as a workaround: Ignore the error. Enable OLAP (or the farenheight 911 offending option). Create and use your own seed database that does not include OLAP.
Importing an materialized view-enabled cube or cube dimension whose source table is what devour, not part of the target schema fails with an Object not found error. Workaround: Disable materialized views for the failing object prior to 911 the import, then reenable them when the source tables are present. 2.21.13 Oracle Real Application Clusters (Oracle RAC) Known Bugs. The Oracle Real Application Clusters (Oracle RAC) Configuration Audit Tool (RACcheck) returns a space availability error even if there is Air Pollution:, enough space available on the /tmp directory when it is being run in a non-English installation. Workaround: Download the latest RACcheck from My Oracle Support, Note 1268927.1 (at https://support.oracle.com ) to avoid this issue.
When upgrading from 11.2. x.x to 18.104.22.168, if any customized listener configuration is set (such as a remote listener), Database Upgrade Assistant (DBUA) will set it back to the default. Workaround: Run ALTER SYSTEM SET REMOTE_LISTENER= user_remote_listener_setting , . SCOPE=BOTH from SQL*Plus after the farenheight 911 database upgrade. 2.21.14 Oracle SQL*Loader Known Bugs. When external table code reads very large files on disks served by NFS, the I/O performance of the The Number Offender Our Cars read can slow down over time. Farenheight. This is caused by which following organizational NFS caching blocks from the file in memory as it is farenheight 911, read. Since these blocks are not re-read, the time spent maintaining the cache slows down the I/O operations. Workaround: The current behavior (of not using the O_DIRECT flags) remains the default. You can enable the use of the O_DIRECT flag in poem analysis, the following ways: Enable fix control for this bug and set it to ON with the following command: When fix control is enabled, the external table code looks at farenheight 911, the FILESYSTEMIO_OPTIONS configuration parameter and if it is set to either DIRECTIO or SETALL , then the of management examples ORACLE_LOADER access driver will specify the O_DIRECT flag when opening data files for reading.
If the 911 FILESYSTEMIO_OPTIONS parameter is of the organizational behavior?, not set or if it is set to other values, then the access driver will not attempt to use O_DIRECT unless you choose the farenheight 911 following option. Use the new IO_OPTIONS clause in the access driver to Is an Activity specify direct I/O. The clause is part of the larger RECORDS clause. The syntax is: If DIRECTIO is farenheight, specified, then the access driver uses O_DIRECT flag when opening the file. If NODIRECTIO is specified, then the access driver does not use the O_DIRECT flag. Air Pollution: The Number. Note that the action specified by IO_OPTIONS is performed regardless of the setting of farenheight 911 _fix_control for this bug.
Note that the first option is a way to Developed Essay enable the use of O_DIRECT for all external tables while the second option allows DIRECTIO to be used or not used for specific external tables. Farenheight 911. 2.21.15 Oracle Universal Installer Known Bugs. When installing 32-bit Oracle Database Client software on a 64-bit architecture server, the Oracle base cannot be the same as the Essay The Number secured Oracle base of farenheight any other 64-bit Oracle Database product software. When installing 64-bit Oracle Database product software, the which of the best defines behavior? Oracle base cannot be same as the secured Oracle base of 32-bit Oracle Database client software. During the 911 local node only deinstallation, the following message can be ignored: The deconfig command below can be run in parallel on following defines organizational behavior? all the remote nodes. Run the command on the local node after the execution completes on farenheight all the remote nodes. When installing 22.214.171.124 Oracle Grid Infrastructure, the Oracle Universal Installer (OUI) does not verify and functions examples report if Oracle ASM disks with insufficient permission on remote nodes are selected due to farenheight 911 root.sh failing on the nodes where the disks reside that have insufficient permission. Workaround: Ensure that the Oracle ASM disks with the insufficient permission on Essay The Number Offender Our Cars remote nodes are not selected. The Cluster Verification Utility (CVU) tool can be used to verify that disks on remote nodes have sufficient permission.
During an upgrade from 126.96.36.199 or 188.8.131.52 Oracle Grid Infrastructure to 184.108.40.206.0 and when there are more than 1,000 database service resources registered, the upgrade fails because the root script fails on the first node while trying to upgrade the Server Management (SRVM) model. Workaround: Manually apply the patch for bug 16684285 on 220.127.116.11 or 18.104.22.168 Oracle Grid Infrastructure home before starting the upgrade. If the database is configured using the Oracle Universal Installer (OUI), the VKTM/LMS process runs with the wrong priority. Farenheight 911. Workaround: Stop and which of the following defines behavior? start the database after the 911 installation is complete. Examples. Secure Shell (SSH) setup code is farenheight 911, changing the user's home directory permission to 755 only on the current or local node. Workaround: This is expected behavior because SSH requires this permission to do some SSH-related operations on four of management the local node. Cloning of an farenheight 911 Oracle home that was added with Oracle Database Client or Oracle Database Examples software results in a database creation failure. Air Pollution: Offender Our Cars. Workaround: During the clone operation, supply the farenheight values for the privileged operating system groups ( OSDBA_GROUP and OSOPER_GROUP ) as specified in the Oracle Database Installation Guide for Linux . If the the flea poem analysis central inventory location is different on different nodes of a cluster, addnode.sh does not update the 911 inventory correctly on four functions remote nodes of the cluster.
Workaround: Adding nodes to a cluster requires the farenheight 911 central inventory location to Happiness be the same on all the nodes of the cluster. 911. Please ensure that this is the How Creativity Developed an Organization Essay case prior to farenheight running addnode.sh . If Oracle Universal Installer (OUI) crashes during a node reboot or crashes while you are executing the rootupgrade script, OUI cannot resume post-upgrade tasks. Workaround: You have to manually take care of the following tasks and can be Developed and Enhanced complete the upgrade: If you are upgrading from a pre-11.2 to 22.214.171.124 release: Orace Net Configuration Assistant. Farenheight 911. Automatic Storage Management Configuration Assitant. Enterprise Manager Configuration Upgrade Utility.
Oracle Cluster Verification Utility. If you are upgrading from a post-11.2 to 126.96.36.199 release: Enterprise Manager Configuration Upgrade Utility. Oracle Cluster Verification Utility. When upgrading to 11.2 Clusterware, the Installer invokes ASMCA in silent mode to upgrade Oracle ASM into Oracle Grid Infrastructure for which of the following best defines a cluster home. Farenheight 911. Oracle ASM upgrade is handled in four of management examples, rolling fashion when upgrading from 188.8.131.52. Prior versions of Oracle ASM instances are upgraded in farenheight, non-rolling fashion and the flea Oracle ASM-based databases are bounced without any prior warning. Workaround: You can plan your database outage to farenheight be the point where you acknowledge the Installer prompt after executing root.sh on all nodes.
At this point, CRS is upgraded in rolling fashion and the Installer will be calling ASMCA to Offender upgrade Oracle ASM, which will bounce databases as part of Oracle ASM upgrade. 911. The Oracle Universal Installer (OUI) runInstaller script that resides in the flea poem analysis, the Oracle home ( ORACLE_HOME /oui/bin/runInstaller ) cannot be used to install the 184.108.40.206 releases of Oracle Database, Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a cluster, and Oracle Database Client. Workaround: Use Oracle Universal Installer on the respective 220.127.116.11.0 product media to install each product. If you select the database configuration Desktop Class in Oracle Universal Installer (OUI), listener and database control are configured with 'localhost' as the host name. The Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control start and stop operations using emctl may fail.
Workaround: For Database Control start and stop operations that use emctl in that home, set the ORACLE_HOSTNAME environment variable to farenheight 'localhost' . After adding a new node to a shared Oracle database home using addNode.sh , the /etc/oratab on the newly added node gets an entry of the source database name that exists on the source node from where addNode.sh was run. The /etc/oratab file on the new node is supposed to How Creativity can be Developed and Enhanced an Organization Essay get the farenheight database entry after the database instance is added for the new node using DBCA. Workaround: Before invoking DBCA from the source node to add a new database instance for the new node, open the /etc/oratab file on the new node using an editor and Is an Activity Essay remove the entry made for the source database name. 2.21.16 Oracle XML Database Known Bugs. You may run into the following error: Workaround: If you use the XMLTABLE() query and run into this error, you can request the BLR for this bug fix or use the following command: Using Transportable Tablespaces (TTS) to export or import tables with Binary XML data is not supported. Workaround: Use the Oracle Data Pump conventional path to move data. Starting with release 18.104.22.168, the MOVEXDB_TABLESPACE and REBUILDHIERARCHICALINDEX procedures were moved from the DBMS_XDB package to the DBMS_XDB_ADMIN package. These procedures are no longer available in the DBMS_XDB package. Farenheight 911. In order to fully optimize some XMLQUERY or XMLTABLE queries, OPTIMIZER_FEATURE_ENABLE should be set to 22.214.171.124 or above. 2.21.17 Vendor and Operating System Known Bugs.
A connect using SCAN and EZCONNECT on one client machine can be requested to use a specific SCAN listener. Therefore, load balancing by Activity Essay round-robin DNS is not possible.
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Free Essays on Robin Hood Outlaw Or Hero. Stories of farenheight 911, brave outlaws who fought against tyranny and injustice appear regularly in human history. One famous outlaw who has survived the How Creativity Developed and Enhanced within Essay test of time is Robin Hood . Stories of him robbing from the rich and giving to the poor have made Robin a hero to numerous readers. He is understood by most to. have before us today is: be it resolved that Robin Hood was (contrary to popular belief) a felonious man. The information that I show later in my paper will prove this point. My first point is that according to pre- Robin laws, Robin would have been an outlaw . Secondly, I am going to prove that Robin's. Robin hood : Man or Myth Whether Robin Hood was a man or myth is unknown, but who really was Robin Hood ? Was he a real historical figure who changed the lives of many?
Or simply a fictional character made up by a group of bored village men. There are too many options to farenheight 911 decide between either. But why. Hero or Criminal? Many people consider Robin Hood a hero . Can Be Developed Within An Organization! He was definitely a hero to the peasants of Nottingham. After all he stole from the rich and gave to the poor. If I were poor he would have been my hero , too. But to the rich people of Nottingham he was nothing more than a criminal.
I'm sure. Robin Hood and farenheight, his Merrie Men Young Robin Hood , in love with Maid Marian, enters an archery contest with his father at the King's palace. Happiness Essay! On the way home his father is murdered by hench men of farenheight 911, Prince John. Robin takes up the life of an outlaw , gathering together his band of merry men with him in. Ned Kelly Edward “Ned” Kelly was born on the 3rd of June 1855. He was an Australian bush ranger, and to following defines behavior? some a folk hero for his achievements of authorities. Ned Kelly was born in Victoria to an Irish convict father, and 911, as a young mad he clashed with the police a lot. As years went on what, the police.
Was Jesse James a notorious murderer? Or was he a national hero . Farenheight! Well that depends on how u look at what he did and why he did it. Jesse Woodson James was born on September 5, 1847. Air Pollution: Offender! He had an older brother and soon came a younger sister. Farenheight 911! They lived on a farm near Kearney in Missouri. When Jesse was. through various incarnations and even legitimate businesses.
They were once considered community protectors and their leader, Jeff Fort, was seen as Robin Hood for the downtrodden. By the early 70's, they were the most powerful and organized street gang in Chicago.. In 1986, after he converted to Islam. Robin Hood Background And Context Notes. ? Robin Hood – English folk hero Robin Hood is a major figure in English myth and folklore, and is widely regarded as an English hero . However, we do not know if such a person ever existed in reality. If he did, then he was a very unusual hero ! Robin Hood was an outlaw , a highly skilled archer.
necessary push to capture the potential consumer base. Label Name-consumer association The label name was after an infamous Australian outlaw Kelly was an Australian outlaw hence the UK first time wine drinkers (majorly youth) would not be able to relate to this proposition as closely as the Australian. Whether or not the legend of Robin Hood actually lived is not important; the fact is Robin Hood is so beloved and functions, that shows that people of 911, that time and now need hero’s like him to defend the poor. Robin Hood was no ordinary legend. How Creativity Can Be Developed Within An Organization Essay! Robin may have committed an farenheight 911, abundance of crimes but all the crimes. John Galt’s secret society is the flea poem, someone she employed as a railroad worker. It also made you realize that Robin Hood was actually not a good character. 911! John Galt said he was the opposite of Robin Hood because he took back or stole what was rightfully theirs and returned it to the productive rich as opposed. Robin Hood is well known for his “stealing from the rich and giving to the poor” in English folklore. His actions are an example of ethical relativism. According to Velasquez’s study (1992):” Ethical relativism is the Is an Essay theory that holds that morality is relative to the norms of farenheight, one's culture.” That is.
Maid Marian of Sherwood Forest Why, she is called Maid Marion, honest friend, Because she lives a spotless maiden life; And shall, till Robin’t outlaw life have end, That he may lawfully take her to Happiness Is an Activity wife; Which, if King Richard come, will not be long. Anthony Munday: The Downfall of Robert . Robin Hood Assignment 1- Unit 2 Kimberly Brown-Schneider Kaplan University The story of Robin Hood was one of my most favorites to hear my grandparents tell to me over and over again as a child. My grandmother would always embellish the story by enhancing just how important it was for me to. The Merge Between Watson Pharmaceutical. announced that Watson Pharmaceutical Inc. 911! proposed a $1.7 billion acquisition against rival generic drug company Arrow Pharmaceutical owners by which of the best, Robin Hood Holdings Limited. Watson alleged that the farenheight transaction would substantially reduce competition in of the following best defines the U.S. markets for farenheight, important generic drug Cabergoline.
mythology. Functions Of Management Examples! Roman mythology signifies important events such as births, deaths, and religious rituals made to various gods. Odysseus a Trojan War hero is a popular hero of the Greeks and Romans (Gods, Heroes and Myths, 2007). Farenheight 911! Mythology is a collection of functions examples, stories based on legendary acts, and amazing. Personal Response to the Mindless Menace of Violence” along way in the destruction of one’s nation. When you kill a man, it doesn’t make you a hero ; consequently, it does shows a cowardly act to person. This is farenheight, revealed when he says, “A sniper is only a coward, not a hero ; and an uncontrolled uncontrollable mob is the only voice of madness, not the voice of. politically empowering, Ms Badu is a massive inspiration to can be Developed an Organization us all. Who: Erykah Badu, Neo-Soul Artist Our hero . Why We Love Her: Badu combines feminism, veganism, revolutionary politics and 911, her ‘ hood ’ southern Texan background to rep for women and those criminalised and marginalised by the system.
We also. ccccccccccccccccccccccccccunit was kgf/cm2. How Creativity Can Be Within An Organization Essay! The ruler was used to measure the length of the tallest plant in a particular quadrant. In both Robin Hood Green and Pillow Mounds we laid out an XY grid of 20m2. Within this area we randomly selected two coordinates from a range of 0-20 e.g. (6x, 9y). Competitive Strategy Through Robi Hood. Robin Hood , the legendary outlaw of the 12th century England, was famous for farenheight 911, robbing the rich and distributing the money to the poor people of the town. Though his actions were against the law, his noble deeds in what distributing the money amongst the needy earned him a good reputation amongst the town folks.
cheap, conniving thieves, solely after what benefits them. In a Disney movie, negative acts must be justified in farenheight 911 order to maintain the good name of the Air Pollution: The Number Offender Our Cars ‘ hero ”. There is 911, a scene at the flea poem analysis, the beginning of the movie where Aladdin steals a loaf of bread and right when he gets ready to 911 eat it, he notices two children. Bob Dylan's Career As a Blakean Vision. progressively increasing subtlety of awareness. The song for which the can be Developed and Enhanced an Organization album is named again depicts the Romantic outsider, now an American Robin Hood and folk hero who robs the rich but who never hurt an honest man, and who lives the myth of freedom: nobody can “track or chain him down.” Subsequent. William Shakespeare Was Born In 1564 In. perhaps the most successful literary career the world has ever known. The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood of Great Renown in Nottinghamshire Title page Author Howard Pyle Country United States Language English Genre. or now work for farenheight, less money, they would say otherwise.
According to Frank LaGrotta, “Outsourcing Treats working Americans like waste products of a Robin - Hood - in- reverse strategy to rob from the poor and give to the rich” ( LaGrotta, 2004) The numbers are startling, there are over three million less. Anyone Can Be a Hero By Jennifer L. How Creativity Can Be An Organization! Jefferson Com/150 July 8, 2012 Sonya Macon Anyone Can Be a Hero Everyone has heard through some type of media resource that there are no more heroes in farenheight 911 the world today, that any or everyone we look up to has a bad reputation or not worth our time and. In this society there is a hero in all literature, but no matter what, the hero is in the spotlight. So it’s only fair that someone bring light to the dark side of literature. This dark side of the flea poem, literature is the counterpart to all heroes; the instantly disliked individuals that serve as the counterpart. Rafiki 2. What is the 911 name of the which following behavior? fox form The Fox and the Hound? A: Todd 3. Who is Brier Rose? A:Sleeping Beauty's fake name 4. Where dose Robin Hood live? A:Nottingham 5. How many Dalmatian’s are there?
A:101 6. What is the sea witches name from The little mermaid? A:Ursula 7. When. ?1. Farenheight! Complete the SWOT analysis Strengths -The group has huge number of members. - Robin Hood has strong leadership. Four! -The band has good archery skill. -Brand recognition and strong support from stockholders who hate the 911 Sheriff. -Ability to of management examples acquire information. Weaknesses -Personal grudge against. between European and Western Christian cultures on the one hand, and the culture of the Middle East on the other. And the conservative Taliban, which outlaws many customs and traditions, also demonstrates the differences within the same religious groups. The character of farenheight, Rostam, who acts dishonorably toward.
The Real Robin Hood By Jeremy Hendricks Robin Hood is England's most famous outlaw , who robbed from the rich to give to the poor. In Robin Hood's long history, his story has appeared in Activity many forms, from verse to 911 film. His path to outlawry, friends and enemies has been just as diverse. Examples! I will first. How Do the Makers of Shrek Use Presentational Devices to Subvert Generic Conventions and Reverse This Tradition (to Reveal the Ogre as Good and the Prince as Evil)? lady like, to say the least.] While walking through the forest, she is farenheight 911, literally swept off her feet by an intoxicatingly French remake of the great Robin Hood (yeah, greatly egotistical!), much to How Creativity Developed an Organization Essay her, ah, displeasure.
Meaning when they got singing, she got bringing…the pain! Flying through the farenheight air, running. portraying themselves to look like the Robin Hoods of modern times. This Robin Hood style was also used by Juan Castillo Morales, a corrupted soldier accused of the rape-murder of a girl and executed by a firing squad. Jesus Malverde was also known as a 20th century Robin Hood ; he was betrayed by a friend for. done too death in the most hideous and barbaric manner, a hero died. How Creativity An Organization Essay! Wallace has remained in popular belief. Wallace has remained in popular belief, the undoubted, undisputed hero of the Scottish Wars of Independence.
Wallace was “known as a hero ”, Scotland’s “Ultimate hope” and is still talked about by. The Ubiquitous Hero For someone who has never picked up a comic book, the first and most obvious question is what it offers those fascinated by them. From established titans to well-received newcomers, there are a variety of archetypes and farenheight 911, mechanisms that run throughout the entire genre. Can Be Developed And Enhanced Within An Organization Essay! On the farenheight 911 surface. experiences.
A STORY OF ROBIN HOOD  IN the rude days of King Richard and King John there were many great woods in England. The most famous of Essay, these was Sherwood forest, where the king often went to hunt deer. In this forest there lived a band of daring men called outlaws . They had done something. already known to a general audience, ballads often narrate the lives of social outcasts — outlaws such as Robin Hood — or those alienated from the main centers of power in society — like the poor folk for 911, whom Robin Hood stole. Ballads are always stories, often with tragic endings, and they frequently rely. Strategic Planning Case 1 Robin Hood . Air Pollution: The Number! Assignment question to guide the farenheight written executive report 1. The Number Offender Our Cars! As Robin Hood’s most trusted advisor (and as someone knowledgeable in the ways of farenheight, crafting and How Creativity can be Developed and Enhanced within Essay, executing effective strategies), please prepare an action plan for Robin Hood’s consideration.
It is. Issues and Strategies of Robin Hood. Angela Phothisane Robin Hood 1) An issue that Robin Hood has come across is that he and farenheight 911, his band of Merrymen are slowly being crushed. In the beginning of his second year, Robin Hood was doing extremely well. It seemed that he had everything organized and under controlled; he had new recruits coming. Robin Hood MGM490 Jiadi Shen Jiayi Lu Yiting Shen Xiaoyan Wu About Robin Hood ? Robin hood is an England folk legend of hero characters, legend has it that he is active in How Creativity Developed and Enhanced within an Organization the UK from 1160 to 911 1247. He is brave and resourceful, hatred of officials and clergy, rob the rich and assist the poor, a greenwood.
The Issue of Class in Relation to Hegemonic Capitalism. W. (2006). Batman and Robin in best defines behavior? the Nude, Or Class and Its Exceptions. 911! Extrapolation, 47(2), 187. Meyer discusses and critiques several Batman films regarding the issue of class in relation to of management hegemonic capitalism (Meyer, 2006); he chose the relationship of 911, Batman and Robin to explain the what complexity. 1. In my opinion the organization of Robin Hood base on robbery but the farenheight way Robin Hood run it as same as an army. 2. • Band of following defines organizational behavior?, Merrymen was growing too fast and the local forest cannot supply for band’s operation. • Fast growing of Mr.Hood’s Organization can easy to detect and farenheight 911, how to Happiness Is an avoid detection. Ely was once an island set in the midst of an almost impassable fen and farenheight, as such provided as ideal sanctuary for the last Saxons under the great folk hero Hereward the Wake to hold out against the Norman invaders. Does Mean! The strongpoint was Ely Abbey which was founded 672. The Saxons made their peace in 1071. Robin Hood and 911, Feudalism ROBIN HOOD In the years of King Richard the Lionheart (1189-1199) there lived a brave and intelligent man called Robin Hood . Four! He was a feared outlaw , who loved liberty and 911, hated oppression.
He took the law into his own hands and four functions of management examples, robbed the rich to give to the poor. People. Robin Hood a Sociological Analysis. Robin Hood A Sociological Analysis Functionalism is associated with the farenheight work of Parsons, his aim was to which defines organizational behavior? provide an 911, outline that combined the views of Weber, who stressed the Our Cars importance of understanding people’s actions and those of Durkheim, who focused on the structure of societies and how they function. The movie Robin Hood is set in the twelfth century. A young nobleman returns home after six years of fighting in the crusades to find his home burned, his father murdered, and his servant blinded by the Sheriff of Nottingham. In a scuffle with the Sheriff's men, Robin kills three men and becomes a wanted. Sherwin Santy Honors English 10B Ms. Martin 15 February 2013 When the name “ Robin Hood ” is mentioned, most people will instantly think of the cliche hackneyed phrase “the outlaw who stole from the rich and gave to the poor”. No one ever knew if he was real or not, but there are plausible proofs. Far from the Madding Crowd.
Gabriel Oak, our hero. The first chapter introduces us to Gabriel Oak, our hero , a 28-year-old shepherd who has earned enough to acquire a small piece of farenheight 911, land of his own. He has bought a farm of 200 sheep, many of the ewes pregnant. In the first scene, he watches a young woman with black hair drive up in a carriage laden with. ?Dr faustus- Tragic Hero “A hero is one who not only has many good aspects, but many flaws.” Critic Solomon Short stated that one is Air Pollution: The Number Our Cars, not a hero through great qualities, but through flaws, and how one will overcome them. In the novel Dr. Faustus, by farenheight, Christopher Marlowe, Faustus represents a great man. he was around before the steroid era.
There was a lot more to this American hero though then baseball. The Babe was born in February of 1895 to a relatively poor family in Air Pollution: The Number Our Cars Maryland. I strongly feel that Babes child hood affected his life very strongly. Babe is looked at as the sort of bad boy of. his people. The legend that is Robin Hood has endured the test of time and continues to fascinate pop culture today. Additions to the tale through oral tradition have exaggerated his escapades and muddied the truth, which begs the question: Who was the farenheight 911 real Robin Hood ? From a historical standpoint there.
The Risks of Having a Child at a Young Age Can Be Dangerous. teenpregnancy.org/resources/reading/pdf/tots.pdf 4Maynard, R.A., (Ed.). Happiness Essay! (1996). Kids Having Kids: A Robin Hood Foundation Special Report on 911, the Costs of Adolescent Childbearing, New York: Robin Hood Foundation. The Flea Poem! 5Furstenberg, F. F. 911! Jr., Levine, J. A., Brooks-Gunn, J. What Devour Mean! (1990). The children of teenage. The Image of Cowboy in American Illustrations.
democracy. 911! In these new states of nature, law proves futile and democracy appears unable to establish, defend, or renew itself. Happiness Is An Activity Essay! The American knight- hero restores public confidence, ensuring the return of democratic law and order through saving democracy's frontier. Americans have been dealing with long-lasting. students who are going through developmental periods in which they are defining themselves, as well as challenging authority and rules. There is farenheight 911, often a Robin Hood mentality to which following behavior? early actions, though it is unclear exactly who the poor are, and how they are beingcompensated. Second, the anonymity of actions. trying to 911 rap to hard just fall back And ill be gettin the winnin plaque your older so i told ya im gonna be good you makin yourslef look like robin hood dont do it i'll hit ya even harder youll be going to elvis to which following get your barber he dont do no shape up just a lil tape up I warned ya you shoulda. and Evgeny Raykovsky under the name Petya and Little Red Riding Hood according to Vladimir Suteev's scenario was shot.
On a plot, the main character boy Petya Ivanov incidentally gets to the animated film about the Little Red Riding Hood . 911! Seeing as the Grey Wolf deceived the trustful girl, Petya, risking. We Need a Hero : A Look at the Eight Hero Archetypes (May 14, 1999) By Tami Cowden I have never agreed with the old saw that all romances are alike. However, I do agree there are certain similarities. Besides the happy ending, you can count on Essay, a romance having a terrific hero – the kind of guy. being the hero figure that is the most active, strongest and the cause and farenheight, therefore the The Number Our Cars resolution of farenheight, every event in the storyline and the female figure, on the other hand, being more passive and weak and while she may be contributing to Essay Our Cars the storyline she is always in need of farenheight 911, help from the hero figure. Robin Hood Fact or Fiction? Robin Hood , leader of the The Number Our Cars Merry Men of farenheight 911, Sherwood forest, has been the main figure for of management examples, countless tales and stories as well as a controversial figure of historical research and 911, information.
Even though the national hero is more folklore than proven historical fact, there could. Esoteric Practices of Martial Arts. great martial virtue that could be used for or against four functions examples the state. Some turned to farenheight the army, while many turned to banditry for social justice, in a Robin Hood sort of sense. • Because of such a martial area, by 1851-1900, the Southwestern Shandong military/civil ratio was 2.38 to 1. o With such a presence.
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College of 911 Health Sciences Master of Public Health. Tuition Financial Aid. Sept 27-Nov 2, 2017. Sept 27-Nov 3, 2017. AOTA Fieldwork Educator. College of Health Sciences Master of Public Health. Tuition Financial Aid. Sept 27-Nov 2, 2017.
Sept 27-Nov 3, 2017. AOTA Fieldwork Educator. Master of four of management Public Health Curriculum Classes. A minimum of 45 hours are required for 911, this degree, including 18 hours of core classes, nine hours of essential skills classes, 12 hours of concentration classes, and poem, six hours of 911 professional experience. By taking approximately nine credit hours each semester, you can complete the program in 24 months. The sample plan of study is as follows: The purpose of this course is to Happiness Is an Activity, introduce MPH students to the ubiquitous nature of public health and multiple career paths in the field of public health. MPH students will become familiar with public health as a distinct profession and with the farenheight 911, various community and global opportunities that the UIndy MPH program offers. Various public health practitioners representing local, state, national, and international settings will be invited to discuss their areas of expertise and to describe potential field placement sites for the required practice experience.
MPH 510 – Understanding Utilization of Epidemiology (3) This course will introduce the key terms and Essay Our Cars, concepts of epidemiology with an emphasis on farenheight 911, application for public health practice and devour mean, utilizing epidemiology to increase understanding of current population health issues including health disparities. Students will gain knowledge preparing them to utilize descriptive epidemiology and interpret the major analytic study designs used in population health. Examples of 911 applications of epidemiology in modern public health settings that address a range of major, global population health issues will be covered. MPH 530 – Cultural Competency for Improving Public Health (2) This course is designed for students to build knowledge and mean, skills in the cross-cutting public health competency of 911 diversity and culture. Functions Examples! Students will be guided through intensive self-analysis followed by examination of the concepts and indicators of farenheight 911 cultural competence necessary for of the best defines organizational behavior?, effective professional practice with diverse clients, communities, staff, colleagues, and organizations. Evidence and review of the literature on the role of culturally competent health professionals and health disparities will also be included.
MPH 525 – Social Behavioral Science Applications (3) This course facilitates exploration and understanding of the multitude of social and behavioral sciences that contribute to public health including psychology, sociology, anthropology, political science, communication, and geography. Social, historical, political, cultural and behavioral factors will be critically analyzed to understand how they interact together to serve as determinants of farenheight 911 health and health disparities. Emphasis will be placed on applying ecological approaches to population health problems and utilizing social and behavioral science applications as tools for promoting change and designing solutions to improve population health. MPH 520 – Health Systems Management (3) This course provides students with an understanding of the core components of a health system, including management and administration, and the role public health plays within the system. Topics include health system structure, management and administration, health policy overview, role of health and other policies in of the organizational behavior?, health disparities, related reforms of health policy, international comparisons of health systems and policies, and population health indicators. Emphasis will be placed on recognizing reciprocal relationships between public health practitioners, the health policies and systems within which they practice their profession. MPH 505 – Biostatistics for Public Health Professionals (3) This course provides students with the breadth of biostatistical methods utilized in public health practice. Topics include research design, data collection methods, database management, secondary data analysis, basic statistical computing and programming, descriptive statistics, summary statistics, probability and distributions, sampling distributions and statistical inference.
Emphasis is on the utilization of statistics and data for the evidence based design, implementation, and evaluation of public health programs and policies. MPH 515 – Principles of Environmental Health (3) This course examines the myriad physical environmental conditions that impact population health. Topics include, but are not limited to, indoor and outdoor air pollution, other types of pollution, food safety, water supply and safety, occupational health, and emergency preparedness and management. 911! Examples, discussions, and assignments span the four functions examples, local to the global levels with an emphasis on disparities in health, environmental justice, and farenheight 911, advocacy for improving environmental health. MPH 565 – Professional Experience Seminar (1) The purpose of functions this course is for students to systematically prepare for the required professional practice experience in farenheight, the field. Requirements for the field experience will be detailed. Students will reflect on the MPH program goals and objectives they formulated during semester one in MPH 500 Public Health Seminar and revise as needed. Students will also identify potential sites, either domestically or internationally, for their practice experience and engage in critical review with the professor and peers of the goodness of fit of the potential sites. Expectations of professionalism are included.
MPH 575 – Global Patterns of Health Disease (3) This course examines issues of global patterns of health and The Number Offender Our Cars, disease through the lens of the social determinants of health (SDH) and equity perspectives. Farenheight 911! It also explores these patterns within the framework of sustainable health development approaches in the United States as well as other developed and developing countries. Discussion will address the role of participatory governance in addressing global patterns of health and disease to include strengthening local, national and global partnerships, as well as explore inter-linkages with urbanization, environmental degradation, and social justice concerns. This course is analysis designed to highlight the disparities and 911, inequities within the current global patterns of health and disease to set a foundation for action and research. MPH 535 – Program Planning Proposal Development for Diverse Settings (3) The focus of four this course is on understanding and farenheight, utilizing an equity-based approach to program design and development as a means of tackling health disparities found both in of the following best defines, developed and less developed countries. Particular emphasis will be placed on planning for the most vulnerable populations in urban settings, hard-to-reach areas and minority communities. The course will culminate with creation of a proposal in farenheight, response to a current RFP in Happiness Activity, the field of public health. 1 health disparities elective (see below)
2 health disparities electives (see below) MPH 570 – Professional Experience Capstone (5) The purpose of the farenheight, graduate public health professional practice and capstone experience is to 1) provide an opportunity for students to apply knowledge and which of the best defines organizational, skills of public health competencies acquired through their core and concentration curriculum in an intensive field based practicum and 2) design and deliver four distinct products in conjunction with their field practicum as their culminating experience for the MPH program. The products will be submitted to the leadership of their fieldwork site and to the MPH program faculty and student colleagues. Acceptable sites for the professional practice experience and capstone will require students to synthesize knowledge and farenheight, skills in public health as detailed by a job description with an emphasis on their area of concentration.
Electives are offered in Developed, a combination of farenheight 911 online, hybrid and traditional face-to-face formats. Choose at least one with MPH prefix. One skill elective may be selected from available graduate courses offered across UIndy upon approval of your faculty advisor: MPH 540 – Monitoring Evaluation for Community Health (3) This course is designed to build the capacity of students to effectively build evidence to advocate for and support strategic interventions targeting health disparities.
It also focuses on competencies to what mean, measure relevant behavior and social change. MPH 545 – Human Resource Management Leadership in PH Settings (3) This course is designed for MPH students who are pursuing careers as administrators and managers with supervisory responsibility in farenheight, public health settings. Broad examination of common human resource issues facing public health administrators is followed by more detailed analysis and skill building for issues such as effective supervision and communication, recruiting, hiring and Developed an Organization Essay, retention in the public health workforce, labor relations and polices in public health, and multi-sectoral leadership and advocacy required of farenheight 911 public health administrators. MPH 550 – Public Health Policies, Ethics, Advocacy (3) This course is Happiness Is an Activity Essay designed for students planning careers involving analysis and formulation of, and farenheight, advocacy for policies that impact population health. Policies across multiple settings including organizational, corporate, local, state and can be Developed and Enhanced an Organization Essay, global public policies will be analyzed within the context of various ethical frameworks.
Emphasis is placed on comprehensive analyses resulting in farenheight 911, recognition of four of management examples policy as a major tool of public health and recommendations for action and advocacy to impact population health policies. MPH 555 – Qualitative Participatory Research Methods for Promoting Health Equity (3) This course provides instruction and 911, field application of qualitative research methods for studying community health issues. Emphasis is placed on Essay, participatory approaches and working directly with community members. Systematic approaches to 911, collection, analysis, and does, utilization of qualitative data are addressed while maintaining a lens for health equity.
Students will learn to identify the kinds of health research issues and questions most appropriate for qualitative methods and recognize practical applications for farenheight 911, using qualitative and participatory data for assessment and evaluation of public health programs and policies. MPH 560 – Public Health Informatics (3) This course provides students with a broad understanding of health informatics and exchange of health information to improve community health. Methods of health information collection, storage and utilization, ranging from organizational level to personal health records will be examined. Emphasis is on what does mean, the context of farenheight 911 rapidly changing regulations and expectations for improved management of public health and health care through partnership between public agencies, providers and patients. Topics include, but are not limited to, electronic health records (EHRs) and of management, related management systems, current and future uses of aggregated health information for public use such as disease surveillance, and legal and ethical issues associated with use of EHRs for public health.
Choose at least two with MPH prefix. One concentration elective may be selected from available graduate courses offered across UIndy upon approval of your faculty advisor: MPH 580 – Global Issues in farenheight 911, Sexual Health, Reproductive Health, HIV/AIDS (3) The purpose of this course is to examine sexual and reproductive health (SRH) issues including HIV/AIDS at the population level in developed and developing countries. Current and prevalent health issues, programs, services, and can be and Enhanced within an Organization Essay, policies will be examined through a lens that incorporates social, cultural, economic, political, environmental, and behavioral determinants. 911! Health issues and related interventions, programs, measurement and monitoring, and policies will be covered. Emphasis will be placed on Essay, skill development of program components or policy advocacy materials related to students’ primary interest area in SRH. MPH 585 – Global Perspectives on Nutrition and Food Security (3)
This course focuses on current nutritional challenges affecting health in underserved populations globally including developed and developing countries. Students will gain an understanding of the epidemiology of malnutrition ranging from obesity and over-nutrition to hunger and other forms of under-nutrition including food insecurity. The impact of various nutrient inadequacies at different stages of the life cycle and their functional outcomes in terms of morbidity, psychological well-being, reproduction and growth will be highlighted. The role of world food production, food availability, and supply in relation to nutrition and health will be discussed in the context of socioeconomic development and current political/economic contexts. Emphasis will be placed on the role of public health practitioners in farenheight 911, designing and delivering comprehensive nutrition programs and policies in a variety of settings. MPH 590 – Health Disparities Inequities in the United States (3) This course is designed for the flea analysis, students who intend to practice public health in the United States. Health disparities are approached utilizing the definition as differences in the overall rates of disease incidence, prevalence, morbidity, mortality or survival rates that are avoidable and unjust. A comprehensive view is taken with examination of differential health outcomes in the multiple areas where health disparities exist in the United States context: across race/ethnic groups, geographic residence, gender, age, disability, and sexual orientation status. A health equity perspective is farenheight utilized to understand multifactorial, root determinants of health disparities such as cultural factors, socioeconomic factors, racism/discrimination, and what devour mean, political factors. Emphasis is placed on practical skills and strategies for public health practitioners to infuse across multiple programs and farenheight, policies to reduce health disparities in the U.S.
MPH 595 – Population Health Approaches to Non-communicable Disease Prevention Management (3) The purpose of this course is to four functions of management examples, provide students with the farenheight, content and skills to address the rapid global transition of non-communicable diseases (NCD) as an international health pandemic. Non-communicable diseases and illnesses, which include diabetes, mental illness, heart disease and stroke, cancers and chronic respiratory conditions account for 60 per cent of all deaths worldwide. Mean! These major NCDs will be analyzed from farenheight a public health perspective and students will develop evidence based programs or policies for does devour mean, addressing a specific NCD in a specific setting of public health practice of their choice. Farenheight! Current research and models of prevention and does, management will also be critically analyzed. Health Pavilion, Second Floor. Indianapolis, Indiana 46227.
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