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Brazil: Cinema’s most radical battleground. Brazilian film is unflinching, confrontational and often extremely violent. Essay! It’s where the socialistic struggle for the nation’s identity is fought, writes Christian Blauvelt. By Christian Blauvelt 27 June 2014. The scene is almost unbearable to watch. A gang corners two cowering children in the alley of Lolita Essay a favela. The criminals want to initiate a teenager into Behaviour examples, their syndicate by having him shoot the Essay kids. They give the children a choice: do they want to take a bullet in the hand or in the foot? This moment from Fernando Meirelles’ City of God is not what the uninitiated expect from Brazilian cinema. Many assume that movies from the World Cup host nation will take the economic form of exotic fantasy: colourful escapism about sexy people in a sun-drenched tropical paradise. That type of film does exist it gave the Essay world Carmen Miranda but the arc of Brazil’s movie history always has bent much more toward the solemn.
Cinema has been the battleground where the struggle for Brazilian national identity has most frequently been fought and Brazil’s filmmakers have treated that battle with the utmost seriousness. As director and political agitator Glauber Rocha would put it in his landmark essay The Aesthetics of Hunger (1964), Brazilian filmmakers have often strived to contribute to “an evolving complex of films that will ultimately make the public aware of its own misery”. Film is a hybrid art, so is the perfect medium for exploring Brazil’s culture, a hybrid itself. Just a few months after the Lumière brothers screened the first movie in 1895, a film exhibition was held in Brazil. Homegrown filmmaking soon followed, with the most popular genre in the late 1890s and socialistic early 1900s being the ‘posed’ film, in which real-life criminals’ exploits and gruesome crime scenes were restaged. The idea of forming a collective identity through shared experience runs throughout the history of Brazilian cinema. One of the nation’s greatest movies, Mario Peixoto’s experimental silent film Limite (1931), pivots on this idea. Three refugees of a shipwreck are marooned at sea in a lifeboat. They begin to share with each other stories and anecdotes, brought vividly to Essay, life in flashback, until the barriers between past and present, dream and memory dissolve. Limite is ultimately about Essay about Creation of Art finding collective truth from multiple points of view and states of being. This synthesis found its echo in Brazilian literature of the period namely Oswald de Andrade’s The Cannibalist Manifesto from 1928. “Before the Portuguese had discovered Brazil, Brazil had discovered happiness,” Andrade wrote. “Down with the importers of canned consciousness.” The anxiety of influence.
The “canned consciousness” Andrade refers to Lolita Essay, is the literature and cinema of Europe and America. In the about Planning in the UK 1920s, when he was writing, Brazil was already importing movies from France, England, Germany and the United States. For Brazilian cinema to hold its own against the influx, homegrown studio heads of assembly-line film companies like Cinematografica Vera Cruz sought to mimic the European and American models of production mainly by creating a ‘star system’ of Lolita actors to appear in light musical comedies called chanchada . These studio films became a metaphor for about The and Life, the conflict at the heart of the nation’s cultural identity: should Brazilians strive for Lolita Essay, legitimacy by socialistic system parroting the European and American ways of life? Or should Brazilians embrace actual parrots and perpetuate a stereotype of Essay palm tree-lined exoticism already held by Europeans and Americans? Cinema Novo (literally ‘new cinema’) offered a third solution. This was a movement of films, roughly analogous to socialistic, Italian Neorealism, that attempted to Lolita, show ordinary Brazilians as they really are: real life, not some aspirational fantasy. It’s no accident that Cinema Novo coalesced in the late 1950s and early 1960s, as presidents Juscelino Kubetschek and João Goulart were rolling out major new reform and development programs that promised “50 years of The progress in Lolita Essay, five”. These were political films. Nelson Pereira dos Santos’ landmark Vidas Secas (Barren Lives, 1963) could be described as a Brazilian Grapes of Wrath, and like in John Ford’s film adaptation of the Steinbeck novel, dos Santos finds dignity in a mexican summary, the roaming lives of migrant family protagonists.
But unlike Ford, he doesn’t find poetry in them. Shot in high-contrast black and Lolita Essay white with a handheld camera, all dos Santos gives us is the overexposed aridness of the sertão region of northeastern Brazil. And the family’s pet parrot? By the end of the movie they’ve had to eat the about The of Art bird to survive. “We were making political films when the French New Wave was still talking about unrequited love,” Cinema Novo director Rui Guerra once said. And while the ennui-filled characters in Lolita Essay, Bergman and Planning Antonioni films from the same period worried about the silence of God and the emptiness of modern relationships problems most often felt by those with full stomachs Cinema Novo presented characters simply trying to exist. Lolita Essay! The hunger of Latin America is not simply an structure of blood alarming symptom: it is the essence of our society,” Rocha wrote in Essay, The Aesthetics of Hunger. “[Cinema Novo's] originality is [Latin Americans'] hunger and our greatest misery is that this hunger is marry, felt but not intellectually understood. Rocha helped steer Cinema Novo from a Neorealist sensibility of documentation to one of revolutionary agitation. His Black God, White Devil, made in 1964 when he was only 24 years old, is an artillery assault on convention. It follows two peasants a man and a woman as they are caught up in a roundelay of violence: first against the landowner who’s deprived the man of an honest wage, then in Lolita Essay, following an socialistic economic African ‘prophet’ leading a proletarian rebellion against the Church. “Cinema Novo teaches that the aesthetics of violence are revolutionary rather than primitive,” Rocha wrote. “The moment of violence is the moment when the coloniser becomes aware of the existence of the colonised. Only when he is confronted with violence can the coloniser understand, through horror, the strength of the culture he exploits.” Brazil faced a new identity crisis in Lolita Essay, 1964 when President Goulart was ousted by a military coup.
It brought in a new period of censorship in Brazilian cinema Rocha himself was forced into exile in 1971 and Cinema Novo had to become more coded, more metaphorical in Essay about Creation, its critique. Lolita! One of the system greatest of these films was dos Santos’ How Tasty Was My Little Frenchman (1971), about a French soldier in the 1500s captured by Brazil’s indigenous Tupinamba people and eventually eaten by them Oswald de Andrade’s Cannibalist Manifesto made literal. Film scholars Randal Johnson and Essay Robert Stam wrote in the academic journal Jump Cut that the film “suggested that the Indians (i.e. The! Brazil) should metaphorically cannibalize their foreign enemies, appropriating their force without being dominated by them”. Whether intentionally or not, this particular attitude toward assimilating external influences seemed to catch on in Brazil. Lolita Essay! Under the dictatorship, Cinema Novo was extinguished not long after How Tasty Was My Little Frenchman in the 1970s. The chanchada , and its sex comedy variant the pornochanchada , ruled the Did not the Right by 1914 Essay cinema alongside Hollywood imports, but the attitude of Brazilians in watching and Essay receiving these movies in some cases really seemed to live up to never a mexican summary, The Cannibalist Manifesto.
Brazil “caught a serious case of Saturday Night Fever,” Johnson and Stam wrote, “to the extent that the supple Brazilian language sprouted neologistic verbs and nouns from the root ‘Travolta’ travoltar (to travolt), travoltice (travoltage),” to describe things influenced by the film’s disco-era flair. The Saturday Night Fever effect in Lolita Essay, Brazil goes to show how cinema there, even when imported from abroad, can be the site of Brazil’s ongoing identity formation. Cinema Novo itself came roaring back in the 1990s and about Creation of Art 2000s thanks to Walter Salles (Central Station) and Fernando Meirelles (City of God). The movement in Lolita Essay, its original 1960s form also arguably established the political basis of Third Cinema movies beyond those of Hollywood-style studio systems or European-style arthouse auteurs. The fingerprints of Defining Essay Cinema Novo can be seen all over the subsequent films from traditionally ‘Third World’ countries such as Senegal, Iran, Turkey, Egypt, India and China. Lolita Essay! A movement that initially formed in resistance to the importation of films and about Creation film aesthetics from other countries became a dynamic exporter. (In that respect Cinema Novo is Lolita, quite like the Hollywood cinema it rejects.) The copycats around the world show that the goal of Cinema Novo, and possibly the identity-conscious Brazilian cinema as a whole, has been achieved: not just to be serious, but to be taken seriously.
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Sample Cover Letter for Schengen Visa Application at the French Embassy. A cover letter is one of the Lolita, requirements when applying for a Schengen visa at the French embassy . In the socialistic, letter, you’re supposed to explain the Lolita Essay, purpose of your trip and Defining Behaviour, your proposed day-to-day itinerary. If you’re applying for Essay, a visa and you need some ideas for what to say in the letter, how long the letter should be, et cetera, here’s what my 2011 cover letter looked like: Slight cheesiness alert #128512; The itinerary in this letter is only an overview; I submitted a more detailed one as an attachment.
A sample cover letter is included in our Schengen Visa Pack . Other incredibly helpful contents include: A sample Affidavit of Support , which you can use if someone else, like your parents or your boyfriend, is and function of blood, paying for Lolita Essay, your trip A detailed itinerary template, which includes a budget column to help you prove financial capability for your trip Tips and things you need to know about Organisational Behaviour Essay examples, “ show money ” requirements for Lolita, visas. You can learn more about how to get the Schengen Visa Pack HERE . (We accept payments through Cebuana Lhuiller, PayPal, and BPI deposit/transfer, so it’s very easy and convenient.) The checklists inside the Schengen Visa Pack are based on the official checklist of the Italian embassy but most Schengen countries have similar requirements anyway so I’m sure you will find them helpful, even if you’re applying at the French or another embassy. (Do make sure that you check with the never marry, official embassy/VFS/VIA websites for any new/special requirements they might have.) The sample cover letter, the itinerary template, and the sample Affidavit of Support can definitely be used for Lolita, any Schengen country. 68 thoughts on “Sample Cover Letter for structure of blood, Schengen Visa Application at Lolita, the French Embassy” Hi. Do you still have your detailed 10 day France-Italy itinerary? Can I have a copy of it? Thank you. #128578; Me and my boyfriend is planning to apply for a schengen visa.
SInce we’re applying together, do we need to have separate cover letter, or one would suffice for both of us? Hi Riana! Even though you will be applying together, your applications will be separate — that is, you would need to put together your own documents and Did not Have to Vote Essay, he would need to Lolita, put together his own documents — so you would need a separate cover letter. Me and my father want to apply for a schengen visa, he is self-employed and will be bearing all my expenses for Essay about Creation, the trip alongside his own, everything is clear thanks to your website and many others as well however we are confused if we need to Lolita, submit separate covering letters or whether we can list and attach the application forms and about, the rest of the documents under one covering letter from my dad as my own documents would only be my passport, identification documents and birth certificate aside which all the documents to prove finances are from him and Lolita Essay, ofcourse the itinerary is the same and have flights and hotels booked for the both of socialistic economic system us. Please let me know at your earliest convience. Hi Jay! I don’t know if there is a specific rule or consideration for families applying together. However, I would suggest that you treat each of your applications as totally separate.
Make your own cover letter and Essay, have your own copies of each required document, even if they’re identical to what your father will be submitting. If they decide to Why Women the Right Essay, treat your father’s and Lolita Essay, your applications as one, then they can just return the extra copies of the documents to you, no harm done — whereas if you only prepare one copy, and Essay of Art, they say you need separate copies for each applicant, you would have to find a copier and make the copies. Err on Essay, the side of of blood prudence. #128578; Good luck! Thought I’d share incase it helps someone in the future, going through a visa drop box each application was submitted separately(ie separate covering letters), while a friends family visited the German embassy and Essay, a single covering letter for the entire family was accepted. Thanks for sharing that Jay! hi Ma’am, can i have the copy of your affidavit of support and cover letter in MS word. kindly send in my mail email@example.com. is the Planning, affidavit of support is only made by Essay your father or it came from some agency and never a mexican summary, needed some stamp?? we are traveling as family.
My parents and sister had their visa already after 2 days they applied. Lolita! However, for me, my husband and 2 yr old daughter, we will apply this coming Tuesday. My worried is my husband is getting his salary only thru cash, and Why Women Did not the Right to Vote by 1914, he does not have any bank account. Do youthink po pay slips will be enough to show a prrof of Essay financial, or if i will open a savings account 2 days before the Have by 1914, appointment just to show that her cash were transferred in that account. may possible poba madeny kpag ngopen ng account ng biglaan? or I can write a affidavit of support that the hotels and bookings will be paid by my father as his gift to us? Thank you po.
Hi Rose. Essay! I’m sorry for the delayed reply (there was a death in the family). You mentioned that you were going to apply for a visa last Tuesday. I hope everything went well. Structure And Function! I still sent a copy of the Essay, affidavit to Did not Have the Right Essay, your email, in Lolita case you will find it useful in socialistic system the future. Also, for what it’s worth, if someone else is sponsoring any part of your travel expenses, it’s best to have that person make an Lolita affidavit of support. Opening a savings account 2 days before your appointment probably won’t help — in fact, most countries require a copy of economic your bank statement 3-6 months before application. For future purposes, I would suggest that you guys open a bank account and start building up your savings there, kahit pa-konti-konti lang muna. Again, I hope your visa application went well and Lolita Essay, you have a good trip. Can you tell me how to system, make sponsorship letter/ affidavit for Lolita, my fiance?
She will only not be having salary slips, ITRs, bank statements. Economic System! I’m sponsoring her on our honeymoon trip. Good luck and best wishes to you both! Hi! I have few questions in filling up visa application form. Because there are questions that needs to Essay, write to name of hotels/accomodations in marry summary the member of states. I have 6 accomodations should I write them all? And there’s a follow up question that I should provide the email add and address but its too many and the space doesn’t fit anymore?
Hoping for your response soon. Lolita Essay! Thank you. Hi Ciel! In that situation, I would usually just write the name of the first hotel that I will be staying in and then just provide a separate sheet of paper with the names and details of the other hotels. Economic! I hope that helps. Good luck with your visa and enjoy your trip! #128578; Hello thank you.
I have few more questions regarding applicant’s home address I am currently staying here in Tabuk because I am working here in Saudi and Lolita, my application will be here as well but I am from examples, Philippines. Which address I will put my address here in Saudi or in Essay the Philippines? As well in in getting travel insurance which address I will put? Thank you for your response. Hi Ciel. I think you should use the economic, address where you are currently staying but I’m not sure, sorry. Hell again. Lolita Essay! I would like to as where will im going to Essay about Planning UK, apply a visa?
Here in saudi or there in philippines? Which one is better? Im currently eorking here in saudi. Thanks. Hi Ciel! I really can’t say which would be better because I haven’t tried and don’t know anyone who has tried applying for a visa in Lolita Essay Saudi… Maybe you could ask someone who has tried applying in Saudi what their experience was like. Organisational Behaviour! And I think it won’t really matter so much, I think what matters more is that you’ve got all the Lolita, documents that you need. Socialistic Economic System! Good luck!
Dear i need student cover letter as i am applying for student visa therefore i need a sample can you help me regarding this. Hi Abid! I’m sorry, I don’t have a sample cover letter for a student visa. Good luck though! I am planning to Lolita Essay, apply schengen visa to Paris, with my bf invitation. He had his vacation here in Philippines last April,so now it’s my time to meet his family in France. My concerned is, I was separated almost 7 years with my previous husband, but in my passport it’s his surname I bring, because at the very beginning I used it, we are not annulled yet.Do I need to submit a marriage certificate? Or not?
Thanks and more power to your page. Economic! .. Hi Lodelyn! I’m not sure what’s really the best thing to Lolita Essay, do in your case, but…hmmmm…if I were in never your position, I would just probably prepare a copy of the marriage certificate that has been marked Annulled, and then during the Essay, appointment, ask the visa officer if it’s needed. Better to be prepared, I think. Good luck with your visa, enjoy your trip, and thanks for your kind words! #128578; hi, im from pakistan I was travel to france, which requirement Plz send me. Hi Muhammad. Unfortunately I am not familiar with the of blood, visa requirements for Essay, Pakistanis wishing to visit France.
I suggest you look up the website of the French embassy in Pakistan — the requirements should be there. Why Women Did Not Have The Right Essay! Sorry I can’t be of more help. Good luck though! Its me again:)) can i ask, where can we buy or book dummy train tickets? Thank you! Hi cheese. I’m afraid I don’t know, I’ve never tried using dummy train tickets. Ah i see, what about night train ticket confirmations?
Do we need to purchase them for the visa application? I read in Lolita Essay your cover letter that you submitted train ticket confirmations:)) thank you! Hi Cheese! Yes, I purchased the night train tickets outright. It’s risky — what if my visa application gets denied, right? — but I bought them ahead of time for two reasons: (1) the train was going to be my accommodation for the night, so the train ticket would take the place of a hotel booking for socialistic system, that day, for visa application purposes; and (2) night train tickets tend to be cheaper if you buy them the moment bookings open, which is around 60-90 days before ETD.
Regarding your question of Lolita Essay if we *need* to purchase them for the visa application, I’m not sure — I *think* you can just specify in your application that you are taking the night train, that’s why you don’t have a hotel booking for that day, and if they ask if you’ve already bought it, you can just say that you will buy it if your visa gets approved. But, for me, the benefits of buying the train ticket ahead of time outweighed the Essay about Creation of Art and Life, risk, so I just purchased them outright and just prayed I would get a visa. #128512; Both my husband and I need to Lolita, write a letter for my new visa as I am znot from his country. Marry A Mexican! Do you have any advice or something? I am also 4 months pregnant. And if i dont get a 6 months or longer visa my husband will miss the Lolita Essay, birth of his first born. Pleasebplease please help. Hi Alli. Of Blood! I haven’t tried writing a letter for anything other than a short-term tourist visa but my general advice would be to explain your situation in Essay the letter and to back up all the never a mexican summary, facts you mention in the letter with documents (for example, an ultrasound report to document your pregnancy).
Good luck. Hi….I have applied for 2 months visa of Germany from Australia. I am a student here in Lolita Australia. I submitted all the required documents as per the check list. For Itinerary I gave hotel booking for 2 months and Essay about UK, the flight booking. After applying, they gave me an email mentioning that, I need to give them my detailed itinerary of the Lolita Essay, proposed journey and the purpose of the trip.
Later I submitted the document written by marry me….(the 60 days activities including my accommodation information)…Also I have attached my bus and Lolita Essay, train schedules in that document. Please give me suggestion that, This document is system, enough for what they required. Essay! Thanks in advance. Hi Royen! Very sorry for system, the super-late reply. I hope you’ve gotten your visa by now. Have a great trip! Do you have a word format cover letter? Thank you. Sorry no. I didn’t make a template for Essay, it because I’m sure the consuls will find it strange if a lot of people suddenly had cover letters that sound the same. #128512;
Hi, can you give an estimate of the money we should have in our bank to apply for a 10 day trip? I’m so sorry for the super-delayed response, I must have overlooked your comment. You can read more about that here: http://smalltowngirlsmidnighttrains.com/show-money-visa/ Hi,im planning to structure and function of blood, go poland.can u help me about Essay, my cover letter.his my friend and Organisational Behaviour Essay, last november he’s here in the philippines for holiday and now is my turn.what am i supposed to write in my cover letter.thank you. Hi Mia! I’ve never tried it, but I suppose if I were you, I would mention some of the details of Lolita Essay your relationship, like when and where you met, how long you have been together, what are your future plans, etc. System! You can mention what you wrote here, that he’s been here in Lolita Essay the Philippines, and now he wants you to Planning in the UK, visit him in Poland. Good luck! Hi, I am applying for schengen visa to Essay, travel to Germany.
I work as engineer at local municipality in never marry Dubai, Shall I select the “Job Type” as “Civil servant” or “Others”? Thanks in Lolita Essay advance for never summary, your advice. Hi Eyas! I’ve just taken a look at Lolita Essay, the drop-down list of Defining examples occupations in Lolita Essay the application form…and I’m also confused! But I believe “civil servant” connotes government office workers who do administrative work, so unless your job as an engineer mostly involves paperwork, I don’t think that would be a good fit… “Others” would be the safest choice, I think, it’s what I would choose if I were in Defining Organisational Behaviour your place.
I’m applying for Schengen Visa with my sister to Paris,we have an Lolita Essay sponsor,do we need to provide also some proofs of income from our sponsor?though my mom works there and our sponsor is her partner,do we need bank statements too? Or do we need train tickets?do we need to state on our letter that our sponsor is my mom’s partner? Kindly give me an idea pls. About The! Thanks in advance. Yes, you will need proof of income and Lolita, sponsorship from your mom’s partner. Never! You will also need to show how you are connected with your sponsor, so you can submit documents that prove your relationship with your mom (NSO birth cert) + proof of her relationship with your sponsor. Hii I am dalip from India , I want information about my invitation letter for France . There have friend who make me invitation ,he find attestation de aquelle , its enough for me get a visa in Lolita India ? Hi Dalip, I cannot possibly say whether anyone’s documents would be enough to get him/her a visa, because the only one who can say that for sure is the consul who makes the decision, and summary, what anyone else will say will just be an Essay opinion. My advice would be to socialistic system, just be meticulous with all your requirements, including your friend’s attestation — maybe find some correspondence that will document your friendship with your host.
Good luck! HI Mam how are you My Name is Rehan belong from Pakistan i need Sample cover letter for applying visa for Essay, Hungry i don’t know how to make this letter and its a need of hungry embassy for supporting documents for applying a tourist visa please reply me. Hi Rehan. I just sent you an summary email — please check your Inbox. Thanks and good luck! I’m from Essay, India and travelling to Istanbul for a week. I am applying for Turkey Tourist Visa through VFS. Among the mandatory documents required an Itinerary/Cover Letter.
May I have a sample for socialistic, a week’s visit, since I understand that a similar practice is carried out for Schengen applications. We currently offer a Schengen Visa Pack, which includes a sample cover letter and an itinerary template. For a more detailed description, as well as instructions for how to get a copy, please see this post: http://smalltowngirlsmidnighttrains.com/schengen-visa-sample-cover-letter-itinerary-affidavit-support/ My daughter have a partner/boyfriend from Finland. Her boyfriend arrived here in Philippines last April 7, 2017 and went back to Finland April 20, 2017.
He ask my daughter to apply for a Visa (Shengen) I guess, so she can go to Finland. Please help us how to apply for Lolita Essay, Shengen Visa here in Phils. and help us make a Cover letter whish is also a requirement. Her Boyfriend will go back here in Philippines this July 2017. Thanks for your help. System! God bless. I have not tried applying for a Schengen visa through the Norwegian embassy — which handles visa applications for Essay, Finland here in the Philippines — so I’m afraid I can’t give your daughter any advice regarding that. For the socialistic economic, cover letter, we do offer a Schengen Visa Pack, which includes a sample cover letter that you can modify to Lolita, fit your daughter’s situation. You can read a more detailed description and Why Women the Right to Vote, instructions for Lolita Essay, how to obtain a copy of our Schengen Visa Pack here: http://smalltowngirlsmidnighttrains.com/schengen-visa-sample-cover-letter-itinerary-affidavit-support/ By the way, you can read more about how to get a visa to visit Finland here: I am nationality of india and i wants to apply for schengen visa to about in the UK, travel malta my husband friend is Lolita, Eu member she is Have to Vote Essay, inviting sponsoring me and covering all the expenses through out the stay … so how to write a cover leyter…. will the visa officer will ask my husband salary slip or bank statement…. as i am an house wife i don’t have proper bank statement … Hi Josephine! If I were in your position, I would ask my European friend to make a formal Letter of Obligation (if your friend is French, she can do this at their city hall) and I would also submit my husband’s financial documents — the more people supporting the trip, the better.
Good luck! Im planning to apply schengen visa going to Spain and one of the requirements of the Lolita, sponsor guarantee letter same lng ba yun ng affidavit of support pwede ba siya ang gumawa nun at kailangan pa ba ipa noterized? At sa documents ba ng sponsor pagsasamasamahin ba siya naka stapler as isang file? Hope you could help me this is my first time to apply, at gusto ko sabihin na sa lahat ng blogs na nabasa ko yung sayo ang detailed at klaro, have nice day and structure, God Bless! Hi Bella!
If your sponsor is a Spanish citizen or resident, ask them to inquire at their local town hall regarding the Essay, sponsorship letter, kasi may specific document yata na dun sa town hall nila i-e-execute. Don’t staple the documents because the people at never a mexican summary, the visa application center might want to rearrange them. Good luck! Follow up question O? What other documents i need to Lolita Essay, prove to Defining Essay, the consulate general that my sponsor is my bf he travel here in the philippines many time and we travel together local and Lolita, abroad do i nned to include our pictures and photocopy of our old travel tickets thank you again! Yes, just include them. Actually, just bring all the documents you can think of, tutal if they’re not necessary, the staff will just give them back to you naman. Hi I been to uk as student from 2010 to 2013 and never a mexican, went just itly in end Of February for few days I lost my passport there and camback early I wana apply france. Visa so how many chances and if I apply do they find out about my itly visa ? I’m afraid I don’t understand what you mean by Essay “how many chances.”
The visa application form includes a question about whether you’ve been issued a Schengen visa in the past 3 years, so that is where you will have the opportunity to mention that you had a visa to go to Essay about Planning in the UK, Italy just recently. I’m sure they have a database that they can access to verify that. If you have a photocopy or scan of your old passport (the one that was lost that had a Schengen visa) you should submit that as well. can you please help me on Essay, how to make a Letter of Presentation, I am applying for Organisational Essay examples, a Schengen visa as part of our Diamond Resorts Dream Holiday which will kick on Essay, September 8 from Miami to London and we will be arriving in Barcelona on The, September 21 stay in Barcelo,Raval Hotel in Lolita Essay Barcelona before we embark on of Art and Life, a Norwegian Cruise Line… Europe, Mediterranean 7 day cruise starting on September 24 ; the itinerary will be; Day 6….Palma de Mallorca. after the cruise we want to stay in Barcelona for Lolita, a six (6) more nights and we will stay in Hotel Atiram before we fly back to Los Angeles on structure and function of blood, October 7.2017. thank you and hope you can help me. Hi Carmencita!
I’m afraid I don’t really have the Lolita Essay, time right now to make a customized letter. I think what you wrote here is actually a pretty good start and all you have to do is never marry, just flesh it out a bit. Good luck! someone please i’ve been asked for a motivation letter how should i provide it. help! plus an Essay itinerary but am only taking a plan to Have the Right to Vote by 1914, namibia for 5 days and come back to Lolita Essay, South africa, but i don’t have any itinerary what should i do. Make one? #128578; This one’s for Schengen visa applications but if you just need an idea for what to put in the letter and marry, itinerary, you can avail of our Schengen Visa Pack. Hello good evening.im asking about tourist visa in France Philippines passport.im desperated13 years ago .I’m employed what is requirements? Hi want to avail your visa pack. how? and for 6 days itinerary.. within near Paris only. Thanks for your interest in our Schengen Visa Pack and Comprehensive European Itinerary. Lolita! You can find a detailed description of socialistic economic system these two packs, as well as instructions for Lolita, how to avail of them, in these articles:
Please take note, however, that the itinerary is ready-made, for an 11-day holiday covering Paris, venice and Rome. We do not offer customized itineraries at this time. However, if all you need is ideas for your own 6-day itinerary, then it will surely be helpful.
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Lolita: An Analysis of Obsession …
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Every person’s experience is unique, so you’ll need to Lolita choose a template that best reflects and promotes your skills and experiences.Our templates are built to be customizable to any industry and are great for system, any of the 3 resume formats. The fact is, the Lolita, web is filled with so many fantastic and creative template designs that there is undoubtedly something for Essay The, you out there. We are proud of the designs we’ve created, and Lolita have seen that they are effective at landing interviews. But we’re not finished yet — we’ll be adding template designs to this page extensively in the near future. If you feel like creating your own, that’s fine too. Readability is king when creating a good template — it is the socialistic system, most important factor, followed by how the resume itself is structured to showcase your best experiences and conceal your negative ones. You may have read on the Internet that it’s inappropriate to use a resume template. You’ll hear these arguments: 1. It shows you’re lazy and uncreative, and unable to design your own.
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cover letter for nursing. Should i include collegiate sports in my resume? And if so where? It depends how much professional experience you have. Lolita Essay. If you are a recent college grad, then it is acceptable to include on socialistic economic your resume.
Good luck on the job hunt! Good luck on the job hunt! If the jobs are relevant to the ones you are applying for, then you can go as far back as you like. With regards to Essay your military experience, check out our military to Why Women Have to Vote civilian resume guide: https://resumegenius.com/blog/go-shooting-guns-coffee-runs. Any of the templates in library 2 would be suitable for manufacturing careers. Best of luck! I’ve worked in the same industry for Lolita Essay, the past 13 years. Did Not Have. Multiple employers with jobs lasting two to three years each. The jobs have been similar, so the experience looks a bit repetitive. I need to find a template that highlights my experience without getting bogged down in the chronology, Any suggestions? It provides ample space for your professional experience, while also highlighting your top qualifications.
Good luck on the job hunt! hi resume genius.. i need template resume that suitable for Lolita Essay, trainer and never marry coach.. Lolita Essay. can u suggest to Essay about The Creation and Life me with template is suitable.. #128578; I had a job for Lolita Essay, 7 years and during that time I wore many hats, Executive Admin, Purchasing, Vendor Management, Project Coordination, etc. How would I write that on my resume? Perhaps the Company name and then all the related roles under that and the times I did those jobs? I was always the Executive Admin, but I did other jobs during that period. Yes, your suggestion is correct.
Start with the Organisational Behaviour Essay examples, company name and included the related jobs with their own bullet points underneath. Good luck! Consider trying the ‘Job Hopper’ or the ‘Executive.’ They should able to fit all your jobs nicely. Ive never had a job so what should I use? Most of the templates above would suit your situation, but we suggest trying the Career Changer template because it emphasizes skills over the dates of your professional experience. (https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/career-level-life-situation-templates#career-changer-templates) Best of Lolita, luck!
We suggest using the ‘Gatsby’ Template. Good luck with grad school! As far as style, we suggest our ‘Professional’ template. In terms of format, if you want to include your restaurant experience, then you might want to consider using a functional format:https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. Hope this helps! We suggest using our ‘Entry-Level’ template.
Good luck with the internship! Good Day Resume Genius.I’m a midwife by about of Art profession an has worked in a military hospital for 16 years in KSA. I’m trying to apply as a home based ESL educator and an email respondent . Since I’m from the Lolita, medical profession, I’m having difficulty in choosing the Essay about The Creation and Life, perfect resume.The skill I know is more on the medical.,clerical which involes data entry for appointments and summary, interpreter and my part time informal english lessons to native speaking arabs. What template should I use? Try the ‘Murray’ template. Good luck! Hello. Which is good for Essay, cabin crew applicant? I have no many work experience in service. So i want to Behaviour highlight the Lolita Essay, other things.
Thanks #128578; Take a look at Defining Organisational Behaviour Essay examples our Flight Attendant resume sample: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/flight-attendant-resume-example You can download it and Lolita input your own information. Which template would you recommend for a career in summary education? Check out our teacher resume samples: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/teacher-resume-example You can download them and Lolita input your own experience. Try using the Why Women Have the Right by 1914 Essay, ‘Freeman’ template. Best of Lolita Essay, luck on the promotion! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a college freshman trying to marry summary apply for a competitive summer program with the USDA and South Dakota State University? Sound like the ‘Entry-Level’ template would be a good fit for what you’re trying to do.
Good luck with the Essay, summer program. Hi! Which resume template would you recommend for someone trying to tap into the finance and accounting market. Looking for an entry-level position. You should go with the ‘Entry-Level’ template. Good luck with the job hunt. I have worked 32+ years as a nurse, the last 4 years taking care of my elderly father and online work.
Now seeking to get back into the job market for extra income, not necessarily in the health field, just to earn some income and socialize. What resume do you suggest? Try the ‘Job Hopper’ template. Defining Examples. Good luck with your job search! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for Lolita, a 9th grader trying to about Planning UK apply for a doctor (any)??
Apparently, resume making and interviewing is our project for Lolita Essay, the fourth quarter this year. Defining Organisational Behaviour Examples. I couldn’t find any clear examples on the web, and I was hoping you could help me out Lolita Essay, with what template I should use.. Try using the and function, ‘Elegant 2.0’ template. Good luck on Essay your project. Yes, if you click the View all Resume Designs button and click the socialistic, download link for the template pack of Lolita Essay, your choice. If you’ve never written a resume before, I’d recommend checking out our “How to about in the UK Write a Resume” guide to get a clearer idea (it’s much more comprehensive than any answer I can give here). https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume.
Hit us up with any follow-up questions after giving that a read we’ll see if we can help further! Good luck! Hey there Margaret, In order to best understand which template works, it’s a good idea to check out which resume format fits your particular needs; then you can take it from there. https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. All of the templates were created by professional resume writers, so it’s hard to go wrong with any of them — it just depends on your preference. Good luck! It really depends on what job you’re applying for. Since you have substantial work experience, try quantifying that in your resume (think: any numbers that a hiring manager can look at and better understand what you accomplished during your time working there). Check out this page and Essay choose the one you find most fitting, that should be a good start: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. Good luck on the job hunt! Hey there hbil036,
This way, you can focus on your skills qualifications critical to the job application. As an aside, you may want to structure and function of blood look into whether you’re qualified to get back into accounting after that many years outside of the field. I understand that some regulations and rules change over Lolita the years — it may just be a matter of taking a test or updating your certifications, but I’m not certain. If that doesn’t seem to be a problem then go with the socialistic economic, functional resume for Essay, sure. Essay About. Good luck on the job hunt! If you are lacking in major experience, I’d recommend using a reverse chronological format for your resume. Our “Classic” template on this page should do the trick: https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/ Good luck at the job fair!
I recommend you first check out our internship resume sample page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/internship-resume-example. Afterwards, feel free to choose any format – just use a comprehensive education section instead of a professional experience section, and you should be good. Lolita. Good luck landing that internship! Share Free Downloadable Resume Templates Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to Essay The Creation and Life help you land more interviews in today’s competitive job market.
The answer may surprise you. Put your skills to the test, and Lolita learn how to Defining Behaviour Essay make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Brady’s resume is a couple yards short of a touchdown. There are tons of errors throughout. See why. How to Modify and Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to download one, but be sure to Essay make small modifications to unlock your. Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman?
Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for Essay about Creation of Art and Life, a nice job. Resume Builder Comparison | Resume Genius vs. LinkedIn Labs. What are the differences between the major online resume builders? Here's an in depth analysis of what. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on Essay some of the about The and Life, world's leading online and Lolita Essay offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to marry a mexican summary help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market.
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A look at India#039;s Prime Minister Manmohan Singh#039;s impressive resume as he bids farewell. Essay! With the 16th Lok Sabha Elections over and Exit polls predicting a clear-win for system, BJP and Lolita Essay, Narendra Modi, it is clear that UPA government will be thrown out of power. When Manmohan Singh gave a farewell speech on Tuesday, his entire office gave him an applause and standing ovation. As much prolific as he is, there is also criticism for his #39;disdainful and meek#39; approach in handling official affairs. Of Blood! Add to Essay, this, three books that target him over his incompetency and The of Art and Life, Sonia Gandhi#39;s role in running the government. dna looks at India#39;s two-time PM Manmohan sIngh#39;s official CV which looks impressive. Kudos to Lolita Essay, the leader who chose silence and hard-work than taking jibes at Behaviour his opposition. After all silence is Lolita Essay louder than words and in Why Women Did not Have Essay, the world of politics, we rarely see silence and Lolita, calm approach. DR.
MANMOHAN SINGH PRIME MINISTER OF INDIA. 1962 D. Phil., Nuffield College, University of Oxford. Organisational! Topic: India’s Export Trends and Prospects for Self- Sustained Growth. Lolita Essay! [Published by Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1964] 1957 Economic Tripos [First Class honours], University of never, Cambridge 1954 M.A. Economics, Panjab University First Class with first position in the University 1952 B.A. Economics (Hons.), Panjab University Second Class with first position in Essay, the University 1950 Intermediate, Panjab University First Class with first position in the University 1948 Matriculation, Panjab University First class. 2000 Conferred Annasaheb Chirmule Award by the W.LG. alias Annasaheb Chirmule Trust set up by United Western Bank Limited, Satara, Maharashtra 1999 Received H.H. Kanchi Sri Paramacharya Award for Excellence from Shri R. Venkataraman, former President of India and Patron, The Centenarian Trust 1999 Received H.H. About Of Art And Life! Kanchi Sri Paramacharya Award for Excellence from Shri R. Venkataraman, former President of India and Patron, The Centenarian Trust 1999 Fellow of the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences, New Delhi. Lolita! 1997 Conferred Lokmanya Tilak Award by the Tilak Smarak Trust, Pune 1997 Received Justice K.S. Hegde Foundation Award for the year 1996 1997 Awarded Nikkei Asia prize for Regional Growth by Essay Creation, the Nihon Keizai Shimbun Inc. (NIKKEI), publisher of Japan’s leading business daily 1996 Honorary Professor, Delhi School of Lolita Essay, Economics, University of Delhi, Delhi 1995 Jawaharlal Nehru Birth Centenary Award of the Indian Science Congress Association for 1994-95 1994 Asiamoney Award, Finance Minister of the Year 1994 Elected Distinguished Fellow, London School of Economics, Centre for Asia Economy, Politics and Society 1994 Elected Honorary Fellow, Nuffield College, University of Oxford, Oxford, U.K.
1994 Honorary Fellow, All India Management Association 1993 Euromoney Award, Finance Minister of the structure and function, year 1993 Asiamoney Award, Finance Minister of the Year 1987 Padma Vibhushan Award by the President of India 1986 National Fellow, National Institute of Education, N.C.E.R.T. 1985 Elected President, Indian Economic Association 1982 Elected Honorary Fellow, St. John’s College, Cambridge. Lolita! 1982 Elected Honorary Fellow, Indian Institute of Essay Planning, Bankers 1976 Honorary Professor, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 1957 Elected Wrenbury Scholar, University of Essay, Cambridge, U.K. 1955 Distinguished Performance, St. John’s College, Cambridge, U.K. Awarded Wright’s Prize 1956 Awarded Adam Smith Prize, University of about UK, Cambridge, U.K. 1954 Uttar Chand Kapur Medal, Panjab University, for standing first in M.A. (Economics), Panjab University, Chandigarh 1952 University Medal for standing First in Lolita Essay, B.A. Hon. (Economics), Panjab University, Chandigarh. Recipient of Honorary Degrees of Did not to Vote, D.Litt. from : Panjab University, Chandigarh Guru Nanak University, Amritsar Delhi University, Delhi Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupathi University of Lolita Essay, Bologna, Italy University of Mysore, Mysore Kurukshetra University Thapar Institute of Engineering Technology, Patiala (D.Sc) Nagarjuna University, Nagarjunanagar Osmania University, Hyderabad University of Roorkee, Roorkee (Doctor of Social Sciences) Doctor of Laws, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar University (formerly Agra University) - Doctor Letters degree Indian School of examples, Mines, Dhanbad (Deemed University) D.Sc. (Honoris Causa) Pt.
Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur. WORK EXPERIENCE AND POSITIONS HELD. May 22, 2004 till date: Prime Minister of India March 21, 1998 May 22,2004: Leader of Opposition, Rajya Sabha (Council of States) Parliament of Lolita Essay, India June, 2001: Re-elected as member of Rajya Sabha for a term of six years August 1, 1996 - Dec 4, 1997: Chairman, Parliamentary Standing Committee on Commerce, Rajya Sabha June 21, 1991- May 15, 1996: Finance Minister of Essay about Planning, India June, 1995: Re-elected Member of Rajya Sabha for a term of six years September, 1991: Elected Member of Rajya Sabha March 1991-June 1991: Chairman, University Grants Commission Dec 1990 March 1991: Advisor to Lolita, Prime Minister of India on Economic Affairs August 1987 Nov 1990: and Commissioner, South Commission Secretary General Jan 1985- July 1987: Dy. Chairman, Planning Commission of economic, India Sept 1982 Jan 1985: Governor, Reserve Bank of India April 1980 Sept 1982: Member-Secretary, Planning Commission, India Nov.1976 April 1980: Secretary, Ministry of Finance Dept. of Economic Affairs, Government of India Member [Finance], Atomic Energy Commission, Govt. of India Member [Finance], Space Commission, Govt. of Lolita, India 1972 1976: Chief Economic Adviser, Ministry of Finance, India 1971 1972: Economic Adviser, Ministry of Foreign Trade, India 1969 1971: Professor of marry, International Trade, Delhi School of Economics, Delhi University, India 1966 1969: UNCTAD, United Nations Secretariat, New York Chief, Financing for Trade Section 1966 : Economic Affairs Officer 1957 1965 : Punjab University, Chandigarh 1963-65 : Professor of Economics 1959-63 : Reader in Lolita, Economics 1957-59:Senior Lecturer in Economics. Leader of the Indian delegation to the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting, Cyprus (1993) Leader of the Indian delegation to about The, the Human Rights World Conference, Vienna (1993) Governor of India on the Board of Lolita, Governors of the IMF and Defining Organisational Behaviour, the International Bank of Reconstruction Development (1991-95) Appointed by Prime Minister of India as Member, Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister (1983- 84) Chairman, India Committee of the Indo-Japan ;Joint Study Committee (1980-83) Leader: Indian delegation to : Indo-Soviet Monitoring Group Meeting (1982) Indo-Soviet Joint Planning Group Meeting (1980-82) Aid India Consortium Meetings (1977-79) Member: Indian delegation to : South-South Consultation, New Delhi (1982) Cancun Summit on North-South Issues (1981) Aid-India Consortium Meetings, Paris (1973-79) Annual Meetings of IMF, IBRD Commonwealth Finance Ministers (1972-79) Third Session of UNCTAD, Santiago (April-May 1972) Meetings of UNCTAD Trade Development Board, Geneva (May 1971 July 1972) Ministerial Meeting of Group of Lolita Essay, 77, Lima (Oct.1971) Deputy for India on never marry summary, IMF Committee of Twenty on International Monetary Reform (1972 74) Associate, Meetings of Essay, IMF Interim Committee and Joint Fund-Bank Development Committee (1976-80,1982-85) Alternate Governor for India, Board of Governors of IBRD (1976-80) Alternate Governor for Have by 1914, India, Board of Governors of the IMF (1982-85) Alternate Governor for Essay, India, Board of Governors, Asian Development Bank, Manila (1976-80) Director, Reserve Bank of Defining Behaviour Essay, India (1976-80) Director, Industrial Development Bank of India (1976-80) Participated in Commonwealth Prime Ministers Meeting, Kingston (1975) Represented Secretary General UNCTAD at Lolita Essay several inter-governmental meetings including: Second Session of in the, UNCTAD, 1968 Committee on Invisibles Financing Related to Lolita, Trade, Consultant to UNCTAD, ESCAP Commonwealth Secretariat Member, International Organizations Appointed as Member by the Secretary-General, United Nations of a Group of never summary, Eminent Persons to Lolita Essay, advise him on Financing for Development (December, 2000) Author of book “India’s Export Trends and Prospects Self-Sustained for Growth” [Clarendon Press, Oxford University, 1964] Large number of articles in economic journals. S/o. Shri Gurmukh Singh.
Born on 26th September, 1932. Married in 1958 to Smt. Gursharan Kaur. Inspiring? Exhilirating? Go ahead and share this prolific leaders resume.
India awaits its next Prime Minister with bated breath after counting finish on May 16th 2014.
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college essay book Nicholas Handler, is a junior at Yale University majoring in Essay, history. Handler is active in social justice organizations and hopes to become a human rights lawyer. I never expected to gain any new insight into the nature of my generation, or the Have the Right to Vote changing landscape of American colleges, in Lit Theory. Lit Theory is supposed to be the class where you sit at the back of the Lolita room with every other jaded sophomore wearing skinny jeans, thick-framed glasses, an ironic tee-shirt and over-sized retro headphones, just waiting for Essay and Life lecture to be over so you can light up a Turkish Gold and walk to lunch while listening to Wilco.
That’s pretty much the way I spent the course, too: through structuralism, formalism, gender theory, and post-colonialism, I was far too busy shuffling through my iPod to see what the Lolita patriarchal world order of capitalist oppression had to do with Ethan Frome. But when we began to study postmodernism, something struck a chord with me and made me sit up and look anew at the seemingly blase college-aged literati of which I was so self-consciously one. Letter: Fortunately, College Has Changed. This is in regard to your college essay contest that took place last year. The essay entitled Fortunately, College Has Changed by Matthew Bender from the University of Arkansas has several factual errors and insinuations. Then entire first and Why Women Have the Right Essay second paragraphs are neither chronologically or factually correct.
How do I know that there are errors? Because I am Mervin Jebaraj, the Lolita Essay person referred to Planning UK in the opening paragraph. 1. A committee of students wrote the actual text of Lolita a proposed bill not a note. The idea began in November of 2007 and not in Essay about Planning, the spring. 2. There was no staying up all night, and there was no on campus bbq. The committee obtained a meeting with Sen. Madison after a lot of work and didn’t just pass a note to her. Lolita Essay. The committee also spent months working with her and other legislators. to see the Why Women to Vote Essay resolution passed. We don’t appreciate the trivialising narrative of our work. 3. The resolution never asked for the creation of socially aware investments, the options already existed.
4. The conference I went to was well after the Lolita Essay divestment process and was to share ideas about divestment with others as opposed to receiving inspiration for divestment. 5. There is an implication that I was skinny dipping and smoking marijuana in structure, Belize. Neither is Lolita Essay true. I hold the New York times in the highest regard and hope that you will take this seriously. In the future, I hope you check the. veracity of statements made before you publish them. Mervin Jebaraj, Research Assistant, Center for Business and Economic Research. Liz Addison , 38, is a biology major whose goal is to become a large animal veterinarian.
She has trained a winning racehorse and structure of blood is interested in American presidential history. Oh, the hand wringing. “College as America used to understand it is coming to Lolita Essay an end,” bemoans Rick Perlstein and his beatnik friend of fallen face. Those days, man, when a pretentious reading list was all it took to Essay Creation of Art lift a child from suburbia. When jazz riffs hung in the dorm lounge air with the smoke of Essay a thousand bongs, and college really mattered. Really mattered? Rick Perlstein thinks so. It mattered so much to him that he never got over socialistic economic, his four years at the University of Privilege.
So he moved back to live in its shadow, like a retired ballerina taking a seat in the stalls. But when the Lolita curtain went up he saw students working and studying and working some more. Adults before their time. Today, at the University of Privilege, the student applies with a Curriculum Vitae not a book list. Organisational Essay Examples. Shudder. Frankie Thomas , is Lolita Essay a junior majoring in cinema-television critical studies, with a minor in gender studies. Have The Right To Vote Essay. Her immediate plans include dropping out at the end of the year to write and/or travel. She is Lolita a film maker and a blogger, with interests ranging from the about of Art and Life social history of the Victorian era to birdwatching to Lolita Essay the novels of Dawn Powell. I had the kind of college experience most people only dream about.
Charged by the atmosphere of intellectual exploration, inspired by professors who pushed me farther than I’d ever imagined I could go, I made fascinating new friends at Skidmore; together we discovered Nabokov and Kafka, Citizen Kane and Dr. Strangelove, and our own literary voices. It was a three-week summer program. I was fifteen. Now I’m twenty, halfway toward graduating from of blood University of Lolita Essay Southern California, and if I had a thousand dollars for every college student I know who Struggles With Depression…well, I still wouldn’t have enough money to pay my full tuition. But it would keep me going for a semester or two, assuming I didn’t lose my own struggle and drop listlessly out. Never Marry A Mexican Summary. As our SATs would have put it, “depression” is to “college campus” as “consumption” is to “Victorian orphanage,” and Essay ours is a generation of wheezing waifs.
Max Lance , 23, is a freshman at USC’s School of Cinematic Arts, majoring in writing for film and television. He hopes to make his mark either with a “life-changing TV show” or by “marrying someone rich.” When I dropped out of structure college three years ago I would have completely agreed that college isn’t the cultural experience that it was hyped up to be. As I return this September, I’ve realized that it’s a good thing it isn’t. I completely agree that college as America used to know it has come to Essay an end, but I believe that schools have changed for the better. The problem I had when I quit school the first time around was that I never adjusted to how schools have changed. I dropped out because of my mislaid expectations; the same ones that Rick Perlstein is nostalgic for. I’m going back to school because I’ve realized what the college experience is like today and I’m now more than prepared to abuse it. Like nearly everyone in my graduating class, I attended higher education because that’s what we did next. College seemed more like 13th grade rather than a place where I would be opened up to radical people and ways of thinking.
I spent my freshman and sophomore years doing what I needed to do to get good grades because that’s all I had done since kindergarten. And even though I worked hard to Essay about Planning UK earn a 3.7 GPA, I dropped out of New York University because of a complete lack of passion for what I was studying (journalism, via process of Lolita Essay elimination). Travis Weinger , 21, is a senior majoring in history, with a concentration in war, revolution and social change. Structure And Function. His minor is political science. He is a founder of the Triton, a newspaper at UCSD, and of the Symposium, an Lolita on-campus discussion group. Rick Perlstein’s article, boiled down, is simply an extended version of the bitching that every generation hears from the one that preceded it: “Back when I went to school, we walked uphill in the snow both ways…” In sum, college mattered back when Mr. Perlstein went to Organisational Behaviour Essay examples it because that was when he went to it. Since college has changed from when he remembered it, he wants us to believe that it has somehow degenerated into irrelevance. The vast majority of Perlstein’s complaints fit under the above rubric. Our college experience is not as liberating as his was (no longer can we simply phone public intellectuals and bully them into visiting our dorms). Our activists are not as radical as his were (we don’t take over enough buildings).
Our connection to the Sixties isn’t as strong as his was (our band members aren’t former revolutionaries). We are not as alienated from society as he was (we engage our world, not whine about it). Perlstein’s claim that his experience was in Lolita Essay, some way both richer and harder than the next generation’s is an old one, and is continuously echoed by every generation. Like most complaints of this type, it is largely groundless and socialistic economic system mildly insulting. Lolita Essay. To respond to Behaviour Essay examples it bit by bit would validate his nostalgic whining to a degree it does not deserve. The Cultural Contradictions of American Universities. For the past twenty to Lolita Essay thirty years, we have seen the great degradation of post-secondary education. Conventional wisdom suggests that the problem lies simultaneously within the hands of the politicians and Planning in the UK the students. This narrative does not account for Lolita the history of college.
Throughout the modern age, the Planning in the role college played in the national debate was minimal. Lolita. To this date, there has only been one president with a Ph.D., and both The New Deal and Truman’s Fair Deal did relatively little for college and education in general (with the Essay Creation of Art exception of the G.I. Bill). And even today, most candidates on both sides of the isle have the same prescription for college: the problem is lack of funding, therefore, the solution is to Lolita increase funding. It usually ends at that.
In order to find the true crisis of college, we must first look at its true purpose. A few months ago, Charles Murray wrote a controversial series of columns in the Wall Street Journal arguing, not that college had been written out and function of the national debate, but that its role is too great. Essentially, too many people are going to Essay college who did not need college, but instead needed vocational training. There are serious problems with his logic to be sure, not the least of which is his obvious IQ-ism. While it is true that college is in need of some serious reforming, focusing solely on IQ will not solve them, for IQ is not the only purpose of college. For example, there are, what a professor of mine called, “latent overtones.” That is, those unexpected, and unintended consequences of college learning.
For example, one might discover a great philosopher that he’s never heard of, or another collegiate finds that they enjoy a field of study which they did not expect. But this is, of course, part of the intellectual journey of students. A Mexican. College exists not, as conventional wisdom suggests, to change the culture. It exists to Lolita Essay create a new breed of intellectuals. Essay Creation Of Art. All politics aside, students should exit college not knowing simply what to think, but how to think. This is where Mr. Murray and I agree.
He hits the nail on Essay, the head when he describes the purpose of college, that college is created to train the elites to do their jobs. About The Creation Of Art. However, this purpose has been lost in a quagmire of watered-down curricula and fluff courses. And this brings us to Essay the real problem of college: the searing anti-intellectualism of the youth. Education is the Behaviour single most important factor in the growth of our country. Specifically, higher education paves a future and provides opportunity for students that attend college and gives them a shot at a career. Essay. 50 years ago, college was strictly for Essay The of Art the elite, high class Americans.
Now, it seems that every common household has at least one family member attend college. But with the increasing drop out rate today, students seem less interested in learning at college and their priorities change from their original goal of graduating. The importance of education today is a growing factor because the future of this country depends on the students in college today. College is misunderstood by Essay, many incoming freshman. All of the television advertisements and billboards encouraging students to attend college are used as bait to reel in Defining Behaviour examples, student’s tuition. Parents encourage their kids to attend college after graduating high school because they want to Lolita Essay see their kids have a shot at success.
However, college is not cut out for everyone. More freshman than ever are dropping out after their first year because college can be overwhelming through everything that takes place within campus boundaries. The pressures of college whether it’s to economic impress parents or maintain a high GPA grasps hold of many students while they are in college, freezing them from work and attending class regularly. Back in the 50’s and 60’s when college was becoming so popular, people attended college solely to improve their education and learn through the Lolita Essay college experience, in hopes of obtaining a career after graduation. Now, people attend college because their friends or girlfriend go there. Many people attend college just to party as much as possible.
College can be misleading for teenagers fresh out of high school, and people who feel that continuing their education isn’t the most important factor in about Creation and Life, attending college should not apply. College matters because without a thoroughly educated society, America would fall to Lolita its knees and regress into deep depression. Jobs would flounder because the people applying for them wouldn’t get accepted without college degrees. Structure. Pat Brown expanded university development in California in 1966 to encourage people of every social class to Lolita Essay attend college and gain a higher education. The reason for his rapid expansion was because the about Planning number of Lolita college students doubled from 1957 to 1967, and Brown decided in order to summary improve society and keep America running, more universities should be built to attract new students.
However, in 1997, only Lolita, 54 percent of students that attended college as freshmen graduated with a degree six years later, 30 percent not even finishing their freshman year. Once students enroll in college, dropping out is the worst decision they can make. The opportunity cost of dropping can be detrimental to a student’s financial standing. Dropping out also means dropping tuition, and students are often left with debt to pay off depending on which year they dropped out. Entering in a low paying job, drop outs must slowly pay back student loans, which is why college is so important to stick to and function and graduate once enrolled.
The likelihood of students being able to pay off student loans quickly after graduating is much greater than the likelihood of a drop out Lolita paying off loans. Drop outs sometimes will only make enough money per paycheck to pay off previous college debts, not leaving any left over cash for leisure activities. Once choosing the decision to attend college, remaining in college is the most important decision a student can make, in order to avoid living a below average lifestyle. Young adults are fed by change. No matter how resistant or welcoming I am to change, when all is said and done change sustains me. Two years as an undergraduate student at Fordham University have been made slightly easier by Essay in the, knowing this about myself, because college means change.
Even with the still shrinking cyber community and Lolita the ‘real world’ opportunities offered to many young people today, nothing can replace the rush of change attached to the college experience. College students are encouraged to make noise. Of Blood. When interviewed by Rick Perlstein for an article entitled ‘What’s the Matter With College” students were very vocal. Hamilton Morris, a New York bred college student, described a college experience where many students hate school “with a passion” and “don’t leave”. Lolita. Perlstein writes that Morris’s feelings are proof of a “culture of enervation” which overwhelms many campuses today. Instead of seeing what Perlstein describes, students without hope or the will to pursue their studies, I see Morris as describing a culture of restlessness.
Students who claim to hate college but still do not leave are experiencing a kind of restlessness which comes with the package. Students experience change so quickly–changes of passions, opinions and interests. They are bound to become restless, especially when the off-campus world is within arm’s length. I often smile to think the world is at my fingertips when I am surfing the internet, but the truth is my fingers are touching my keyboard, and socialistic system I am planted in my kitchen chair drinking Diet Coke. College offers me the opportunity to shake hands with the leaders of business, art, science and medicine–something the Lolita Essay internet can not give me. College professors do not want students to be excited about school and structure theory alone–they want them to take their passion into Lolita Essay the world beyond the campus. I am not writing this commentary for my school newspaper.
I am writing it for a mexican New York Times Magazine, a publication Journalism majors like me aspire to work for. College urges me to aspire, to voice my opinions, and yes, to change. The problem with colleges in the 21st century is Lolita Essay convoluted with many deciding factors, resulting in Essay Planning UK, a more complex position for current college students to Essay experience, unlike any previous generation of college students. In my opinion, being a college graduate student and one who has been involved in my school, I can honestly say that the biggest problem with our generation is the sense of socialistic economic system nihilism, which is plaguing the our very core of Essay our being. It is important to realize that this comes not only from college campuses, but the society in general; people just don’t care. If they do care and want to be involved, societal pressures, mostly economic, is what keeps them from Essay Creation being invoked with the spirit of the previous generations. There seems to be no sense of urgency when it comes to Essay our generation. Economic. Nihilism will do that to everyone. I also find it interesting that the people who do want to be involved do not necessarily know what to get involved with. In the Lolita Essay 60s, it seemed to be clear cut what the problem was; racism, sexism, or the war in Vietnam. Organisational. A contrast between the Lolita 60s generation and us now is that people do not what the summary problems really are.
The mentality when speaking to college students; they seem to focus more on trying to Essay get that 80K a year job then the socio-political issues affecting us. It is Essay about Creation and Life evident that we value the dollar more so than we value the human struggle. So apathy also plays a role. It is important to realize that we must do something, otherwise everyone suffers. Sending your child to Lolita Essay college is not an option in American society, and never summary it’s hardly a privilege at that. In today’s fierce and fast paced world it is a necessity For most parents, thought goes into how they will even fund such a venture within the first few months of the child’s conception. Lolita. College funds and a mexican summary savings bonds, money from relatives and Lolita graduation parties, this all gets stored until an entire portion of UK that funding goes towards expensive college visits. Not only does the child want to go to college, that child has picked out Essay 10 in which there is an orientation at each for prospective parents. They want to about The of Art and Life see where their money is going, as well as where their child will sleep, learn, and Essay become the successful adult they were meant to be. What is about The Creation of Art wrong with college? As a successful student at Lolita Essay, a prominent Chicago school, I, for one, have plenty of opinions on the matter.
Let’s look at “our war” by summary, first taking a retrospective glance at Vietnam. Essay. My father, a student at the time of Vietnam, was a conservative at a very conservative Indiana school. He still wore his GDI shirt most days of the week and talked highly of the camaraderie between fellow students. There were protests that were actually allowed on his campus. When the students died in the Kent incident he remembers rallies against the war in their honor. He also remembers reading the names of the dead soldiers with the rest of Defining Organisational Behaviour his class, keeping in somber memory the Lolita fight his country was in. Bands of structure and function students were scared, there was a draft in effect.
Everyone had war on the mind and as those 18 year olds took on their first years of college, they had a lot more to Lolita worry about than where the weekend’s keg party was taking place. They were learning, growing, and structure of blood forming opinions on the world they were entering by knowing their current events and Lolita Essay being passionate about them. And Function Of Blood. Of course, without the internet, their local papers brought them more world events and Lolita Essay less Lindsay Lohan. Being passionate about the world takes a certain naivety that forms when someone does not already have the Why Women Have the Right by 1914 opinions of others so easily accessible. Lolita Essay. The internet has taken so much of this away from current students. In my experience, you only structure of blood, have to make a choice on which websites to read. Looking at our war today, many students walk away from it, choosing not even to recognize that it affects their daily world. Essay. There are many more cliques, many more places to falter, and about The Creation of Art many more reasons not to care.
Hold a pen in front of you and Essay look at it; notice its size and color in particular. Now, slowly move it away until you have your arm fully extended. Notice anything different? Probably not, and that is how it should be. If we remember back to Essay about Creation middle school science class, color is partially dependent upon the angle that light hits an object.
But we just moved an object, causing the angle to change from our perspective, and did not notice any change in color. Lolita Essay. The pen also moved further away without any apparent change in size. About In The UK. I forgot the intricate details that explain why this happens, something to do with a portion of the brain that keeps our perceptions fluid . What I do remember, and will never forget, is how cool this all seemed and how much more there is to the world when you get past the Lolita surface. College is Why Women Have a pretty different place today than it was for my parents thirty years ago. Then again, so were the two worlds in which we were raised. Essay. Most kids in my generation were not raised in the Sandlot. We did not hang out at the malt shop after school.
And we definitely did not attend any sock hops (or if we did, best believe we did not call them that). Defining Organisational Essay. Instead, we started out playing on Essay, jungle gyms with woodchips and protective rubber flooring underneath. Economic System. Eventually, we found ourselves being chauffeured to organized baseball practice, in a minivan. By high school, the importance of getting into Lolita Essay a good college had been seared into us and serious attention had to be allocated toward after-school activities and other kinds of enriching events to make sure that we were “well- rounded”. Here’s a fun game that anyone my age can play: ask your parents what they got on their SATs. If they can, you win!
Basically, it is like hitting the lottery, since your parents have to be like one out of a million. High school students in socialistic economic system, the 60’s did not pay $1,000 for an SAT class and definitely did not go to Essay any Independent College Consultants. As Mr. Perlstein stated, college was seen as a place sort of apart from the rest of the world. Kids went there and were met with new people, ideas, and situations. Back then, as I understand it, college was not seen as a stepping stone or a rung on socialistic, the ladder.
You did not go with the mindset that it was simply a means to end, a place to Essay simply collect good grades and structure of blood then experience the ‘director’s cut redux edition’ of college admissions in the form of graduate school, an Lolita internship or a job. Why College Matters: A Response to “What’s the Matter With College” I suppose I should begin by saying that I don’t go to a real college. I mean, I don’t feel like I go to a real college. I don’t take real classes. Defining Organisational Behaviour. I don’t live on a real campus. I’m a music major and Essay attend the Peabody Institute in structure and function, Baltimore, Maryland. Peabody is an established music conservatory, one of the schools of Johns Hopkins University (despite what I say about it not being a “real” school). In his essay, Perlstein is making it seem that today’s college undergraduates and the ideals we pursue are somehow deficient. That we’re missing out.
He’s especially concerned that we’re nothing like the students of the Essay 60s and 70s. Structure And Function. He’s right about that, but that is nothing to Lolita be ashamed of. We’re students who want (or carry) the iPhone. We are environmental activists. We’re more technologically savvy than Perlstein’s generation. We get our information and communicate in a totally different way. We’re amazing jugglers.
We’re a new breed. It is interesting to read that the defining issue for the 1966 California gubernatorial race was college. For my sake, and I’m sure for the sake of a lot of my peers, I wish it were still that way. Organisational Essay. College sounded romantic and fun. My friends argue that things have changed in the past 40 years, and Lolita that there are bigger fish to fry. The war, for example.
Making a living once college ends. When they start complaining, however, about classes and Essay UK stress, I ask them, “aren’t there bigger fish to fry?” at which they sigh outwardly, roll their eyes, and throw their hands up in the air. I understand where their frustration lies. We still feel young in Essay, the scheme of things, and not ready to Essay about in the plan out Lolita Essay our lives after college. It feels like we’ve been doing nothing but planning since freshman year of high school. Who has time to structure of blood worry anyway?
Right now, I am worrying if I have enough money to pay the Lolita rent this month. Many of my classmates worry how to pay for Why Women Did not the Right to Vote by 1914 the next semester. To be honest, when it came to college, most of us never really had a choice. Where I grew up, in Greenwich, Connecticut, there was never the option of “college vs. Essay. no college.” The choice was “Ivy League vs. state school,” or something along those lines. Why Women Did Not To Vote By 1914 Essay. The whole getting-ready-for-college experience was important. As you thumb these pages, reader, loyal subscriber, conscious citizen with an appetite for inquiry and thoughtfulness, or may I say fellow American, you tell yourself that you want to sample a young student’s intellect. Certainly I do believe that my own college experience has been important, even critical, to my life and to my thoughts here and Lolita now, but young and socialistic economic impressionable does not necessarily partner with a tame, meaningful sense of hindsight… My college experience has fostered some growth. But for the nation? Lend me some relevance. Am I to accurately describe my confusion with you over Lolita, coffee to tell you how this all breaks down–I fit in the puzzle and I’m one of the corners, right? Politics.
We don’t have movements, and we don’t have causes. A choice between higher education and higher purpose has been made; show me one text message, fellow student, that you have wanted the whole country to read. Children live at the Right by 1914, school. Especially if they don’t have much of a home life to live in the afternoon or evening, kids live and learn at school. Essay. College isn’t so different, only about, first graders aren’t expected to shape up all by themselves when they appear to be wasting time.
Oh, college students aren’t either? Pity. I guess higher education isn’t all that important. Maybe the problems of higher education are just fronds atop a mirage of public schooling. Talk to Herbert Kohl, Jonathan Kozol, John Taylor Gatto, men who are trying to wake this country up, and they’ll show you what’s happening to my younger brothers and sisters. Content in the shade, college students loaf, while in more dangerous environs, under the pretext that they are to learn, children sit down in their desks each morning in the arms of a crumbling system. In college, we choose to Lolita Essay sleep in, not to participate, excel, regress, etc. If higher education is important to the nation, why don’t more people act like it?
Better yet, if education is so important to the nation’s future, why is it neglected? Important as it is, I feel proud to about The and Life remember the words of Lolita Thomas Jefferson, who often can remind us of politicians’ and citizens’ true responsibilities: “It is highly interesting to our country, and it is the duty of its functionaries, to about Creation and Life provide that every citizen in it should receive an education proportioned to the condition and pursuits of his life.” He speaks to the politician, tells him to take a good look at his fellow Americans. What sort of education will he provide to match the condition, the quality of life? If the quality be poor, will he stick to Lolita Essay poor schooling until lifestyles rise to examples the occasion? Try downtown Anywhere, where elementary schools have been forced to remove social studies and arts in favor of apparently year-round test preparation, for Essay standards in English and mathematics. The “need to know” world and the world of standardization are one in the same, and columns of darkened bubbles are in no short supply, though there’s still a need to live. The Problem with College: Why We No Longer See Ourselves As “Part of” a Community. One anomaly of American society is that our universities play only a marginal role in our culture. In other nations, like France where intellectual life is not centered on their institutions of education, this may come as no surprise, but the virtues of American universities are indisputable. Academics wonder why they are allowed to be the nation’s intellectual leaders, but not its leaders, or even advisors, in the political or ethical arenas. Some are resentful of the mainstream society, thinking it apostate, as though they were priests of some outworn creed, but this alienation, which has developed in tandem with the system evolution of academia, did not come because the society rejected the university as a social or moral authority, but rather because the university ran out of the Essay energy it took to function in this role.
This occurred, at least partially, because those of us in college found that the values we shared were not strong enough to Essay about in the UK unite us. From the time of Plato, the Lolita Essay purpose of the Defining Behaviour Essay university has not been to represent the society or culture in which it exists but to pursue truth. Most academics, who may disagree on what truth is in Lolita Essay, essence, would agree that it is a noble and worthy objective. And, since truth is structure and function their goal, many of Lolita Essay them think themselves justified in being alienated from mainstream society. This does not mean their views are homogenous; I can testify that, at the University of Idaho (to name one example), the politics of professors in Organisational Essay examples, the College of Business are not shared by the English instructors; but what the two departments have in common is Lolita their distance from America’s political center. Why Women Did Not By 1914 Essay. This is largely because specialists in any field, whether that field is philosophy or political science, tend to feel invalidated if anyone could reach the same conclusions that they do. It is a telling fact that, at least until recent years, there was a higher percentage of self-described Marxist literary critics than blue-color workers. Nonetheless, this desire for Lolita academic innovation benefits the university in that it makes professors’ research original; it is for this reason that, whenever universities are rated according to Behaviour Essay examples prestige, the United States constantly is found to have the greatest number of Essay prestigious institutions.
Even so, there is another facet to a professor’s job, teaching. Essay About In The UK. This requirement creates a dilemma for many professors: their strenuous educations and Lolita Essay meticulous research has caused many of them to become opinionated, but, at the same time, they need to keep their students pacified while educating them in accordance with principles which the Essay about The Creation students may not share. Thus, they (and the students) learn that it is easier to ignore worldview-related issues. In searching for the least common ethical denominator among the group, the instructors and Lolita the instructed clandestinely agree that the values which they hold as specific to their Weltanschauungs do not apply to everyone, and, if they do, the value of placidity applies even more. As Allan Bloom wrote in 1987, “[A]lmost every student entering the marry university . . . says he believes . . . that truth is relative” (1). Lolita Essay. While this outlook may work in as far as it prevents conflicts, it is an ineffective communal bond. Economic System. This is because the values of the classroom are provisional and–most students cannot help but feel–artificial.
They haven’t the power to unite the students and faculty in a community, which requires common interests and mores. In July, The Magazine published What's the Lolita Essay Matter With College, an essay by the historian Rick Perlstein, online and invited college students across the United States to respond. Defining Essay Examples. Some 600 undergraduates did -- many agreeing with Perlstein's assertion that college as America used to understand it is coming to an end, many dismissing his argument as so much nostalgic pap, still others taking the occasion to critique higher education from an insider's perch. To continue the Lolita conversation, we're featuring the winning student essay and Organisational Behaviour examples four runners-up, and Lolita posting another 450 of the entries in a searchable format. (The other entries were withdrawn by their authors or did not follow the contest's rules.)
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Introduction to the audiovisual essay: A child of two mothers. by Cristina Alvarez Lopez Adrian Martin. The audiovisual essay is not a strict genre or a delimited form – it is the name for a burgeoning field of inquiry, research, and experimentation within academia and also beyond it; the expression of critical, analytical, and theoretical work using the resources of audiovisuality – images and sounds in montage. The specific inflection of a chosen name always matters. Out of the various possible candidates in the air at present – video essay, visual essay, videographic moving image study – we choose audiovisual essay because: a. we all need to Lolita, put an end to the casual ignoring of the decisive role of sound in every form of modern media; b. video (as in electronic videotape) is already an anachronistic term in the digital age and has been for some time; c. Socialistic Economic System! essay is a word which, in the spheres of film and Essay, media (both their analysis and production), has come to carry the simultaneous connotations of intellectual research and poetic exploration – neither simply a vehicle for instrumental rationalism nor art for art’s sake. It is a word which can create its own problems (see remarks below) but, at present, remains charged and useful as a probe to identify a new energy in creation and Did not the Right to Vote, critique. The objection is sometimes heard in public forums: but is any of this really new? From Joseph Cornell’s surrealist collage Rose Hobart (1936) to Jean-Luc Godard’s epic Histoire(s) du cinema (1988-1998), filmmakers and artists have long been cutting together appropriated images and sounds in order to Essay, make a critical point or pursue their particular politico-philosophical ‘vision’. Celebrated multimedia border-crossers including Agnes Varda, Chris Marker, Ken Jacobs, and Harun Farocki have been extending the Organisational Behaviour Essay, ruminative, speculative form of the written essay into renewed, audiovisual formats since at least the 1950s. However, something fundamental in the contemporary situation of Essay media has changed for a large number of actual and potential producers (including our students). Never Marry! First, computers offer relatively simple but highly effective technologies of digital production and (particularly relevant for Essay the audiovisual essay) post-production. Second, the The of Art and Life, raw materials – the images and Essay, sounds of pre-existing films, television, and media items – are available to acquire and manipulate via digital channels in a way that is Essay about The of Art, historically unprecedented.
For close to a century experimental filmmakers sourced out-of-copyright movie trailers and black market prints and literally scoured the bins and dumpsters of Essay rejected footage in order to re-edit, re-film, and creatively manhandle them. Film/video essayists such as Farocki and socialistic, Marker invented ingenious schemes in Lolita, order to access the official streams of imagery made by and for corporations or recorded on security cameras. Why Women Did Not To Vote! Godard, alongside hundreds of other artists worldwide in the 1980s, went the VHS or Super-8 route, forensically taping from television broadcasts or reshooting playback off of video monitors. The audiovisual essay, in the wide range in Essay, which we are encompassing it within NECSUS, is Planning, – to adapt the title of Lolita Essay Massimo Bontempelli’s novella that Raul Ruiz filmed as The Comedy of Innocence (2000) – the ‘child of socialistic system two mothers’. Lolita Essay! At least two! There is the tradition of research and experimentation that comes through avant-garde film and video, particularly all that is gathered under the never marry, rubric of found footage work. The subject of this kind of audiovisual essay is not restricted to but tends at its primary level to be focused on the critique or examination of cinema itself in some respect – particular filmmakers or genres, specific movies or fragments therein, or a more theoretical aspect of the ‘cinematic machine’ in Essay, general, as a medium and as a part of cultural history. Then there is the essay-film (or film-essay), that historic breakaway from supposedly objective documentary which stresses the elements of the personal and the reflective, and marry, which has itself spawned many sub-forms in the digital age. Where found footage pieces use little or no audiovisual material originated by the maker the essay-film may use a great deal that is generated first-hand (very often with a small or large component of some pre-existing media archive blended into its overall mix). The range of subjects of essayistic works treated in this mode tends to be broader than in the found footage tradition; cinema and other media may function as a key reference point but usually only as part of a larger social and transpersonal ensemble under investigation.
These are not intended as hard-and-fast categorical distinctions. As always, anything that is deemed by some commentator to be a genre, type, model, template, or tradition has usually already produced ample examples of hybrid combination, anti-type, or peculiar exaggerations of the posited form. Essay! We simply wish to flag two extreme points that can be used to collate and compare the diverse works and tendencies within what is currently a vital, operative field. In the present academic climate, and in light of the resistances to and questions about the Essay about Planning in the UK, audiovisual essay that sometimes arise, a dual campaign needs to Lolita Essay, be waged, exerting pressure from two sides. First, we need to assert and demonstrate that seemingly ‘purely’ poetic forms can carry intellectual ideas and embody practices of marry summary scholarly research. This is more a matter of Lolita Essay fighting ingrained perceptions and assumptions (even among humanities scholars) than of changing the a mexican summary, nature of artistic work itself – although that too has been entering a new, hybridised phase in our era of ‘PhDs through practice’ and research-driven art, as more and more practitioners abandon the once fragile and now completely crumbling economy of cultural subsidies and Lolita, choose to enter the academy to pursue their lifetime of work. Second, and conversely, we need to Defining Organisational Behaviour Essay examples, stress the constitutively creative aspect of Essay essayistic forms when they are forged in image and sound. The traditional academic habit of both beginning with words (in the form of a plan, such as a pre-written script or structured outline) and ending with words (as final justification and elucidation) is challenged by about Planning in the, a great deal of work appearing under the Lolita Essay, audiovisual essay umbrella.
Godard himself was probably the first to articulate this problem back in the late 1970s when he explained to television commissioners that his forthcoming found footage/essay works (including Histoire(s) ) would not proceed from a pre-formulated script but be arrived at solely within the editing process itself, in Essay in the UK, order that an Lolita Essay idea could be seen and heard in a new and more direct way. He would usually be met with the initially enthusiastic but then immediately defensive response: ‘[t]he originality is Why Women the Right Essay, that it will be visual! […] But can you tell us how it will be visual?’ We do not go so far as Godard in polemically denigrating ‘the word’ in favour of some pure audio-vision. In fact, Godard has never entirely refused words himself, despite the Essay, provocative film title Farewell to Language . It is rather the case that in our much-vaunted age of multimediality , intermediality , and transmediality , we should practice what we preach. Essay Planning! All the diverse elements of media (image, sound, graphic design, text, etc.) are available for Lolita Essay us to use in different combinations, and we stand only to never marry a mexican summary, gain from exploring the possibilities of Lolita Essay this ‘infinite semiosis’. However, we do need to tread a little carefully with the very word ‘essay’.
What is positive and helpful about the term is, as we have asserted, the clear link it makes between audiovisual creativity and reflective research/scholarship. Its principal pitfall has been discerned, recently, by Volker Pantenburg at the conference Critical Theory, Film and Media: Where is and function, Frankfurt Now? in August 2014, during a presentation titled ‘Essayism and its Discontents’. Pantenburg argued that in celebrating the Lolita Essay, potential of the essay (in whichever medium) to be digressive, reflective, subjective, and so forth, we court the risk of about Creation of Art freezing and reifying it into a genre with fixed characteristics – a paradoxical and indeed self-defeating gesture, since it amounts to a way of regularising and codifying what is meant to be surprising, inventive, and boundary-breaking. The aspiration to see and Essay, hear anew through the invention of new forms is salutary; the enumeration of a recipe for about The Creation and Life cooking this up is less so. As Pantenburg (alongside Hito Steyerl in Lolita Essay, 2011) reminds us, the of blood, essay came into being not only with the famous, founding reflectivity/subjectivity of Montaigne, but very shortly after with the ‘moral instructions’ of Francis Bacon. Lolita Essay! Our commonplace experience today confirms this sometimes self-cancelling duality: while the essay-as-experiment triumphantly belongs to the tradition of Roland Barthes, Judith Williamson, Walter Benjamin, Christa Wolf, or Ross Gibson, the essay-as-business-as-usual, the conservative and normative op-ed ‘think piece’, belongs to structure and function, Clive James, Peter Fuller, James Wolcott, and a thousand other high-end journalists (sad confirmation of this can be found in Essay, James’ treatment of economic system radical essayists including Benjamin and Marker in his appalling 2007 bestseller Cultural Amnesia ). After all, the extremely schematic, rule-bound assignments that our students are taught to write are also called essays – often duly expunged of Lolita Essay what Adrian Miles has rightly and enthusiastically inventoried as the essay’s finest propensities toward ‘disjunction, exploration, asides, rambles, excursus, and even digression’. Again, the drive to practice what we academically preach stands to gain much from a concerted push into thoroughgoing audiovisualism. In this inaugural audiovisual essay section we have curated two very different works that give a sense of the possibilities currently sparking to life across the two ends of the about Planning, spectrum we have sketched out.
Found Found Found (2014) is a digital essay by the celebrated Dutch-Australian avant-garde film artist Dirk de Bruyn, who has recently been the subject of the documentary The House That Eye Live In (Steven McIntyre, 2014). Found Found Found might be seen to Essay, be taking as its point of departure the type of Essay about The of Art and Life ‘personal travel diary’ which is a hallowed tradition in avant-garde cinema – especially as associated with Jonas Mekas who, increasingly today, approaches his own very intimately shot footage as a vast archive to revisit and Lolita Essay, re-edit. The title Found Found Found flips that of Mekas’ famous poetic film-essay Lost Lost Lost (1976) – but this fond homage/allusion is also a trenchant critique of a particular cinematic tradition, since the ‘world viewed’ by today’s audiovisual essayist has transformed itself so profoundly in the intervening four decades. Irony looms: what or who is exactly ‘found’ in Did not the Right by 1914 Essay, de Bruyn’s piece? Mixing, as he has done for some 35 years, an immersion in Essay, media theory (Marshall McLuhan, Guy Debord, and particularly Vilem Flusser) with the free-play of abstract, structural, and poetic forms, de Bruyn produces a meditation on the type of ceaseless loss (of a sense of self, of geo-physical co-ordinates, and Defining Organisational Essay, of social values) produced by a neo-capitalist world premised on international travel, social mobility, and all-pervasive communications networks. Its ‘argument’ is channelled all at once through a montage of visual and sonic fragments (many recorded by his digital camera) and through the sensations produced by light, colour, and rhythm.
As ever, de Bruyn’s audiovisual art challenges us to think dynamically in frames, pixels, and micro-seconds, relentlessly tumbling one upon the next – to be a part of the sensorial, media-saturated world as it is experienced, on the move, but also to somehow get outside of it and view the logic of its ideological power structures. Laura Lammer is a student in the Department of Theatre, Film and Media Studies at Goethe University, Frankfurt. As a participant in our practical/theoretical class on the audiovisual essay she produced a kinetic reflection on the ‘Apocalypse Trilogy’ of U.S. filmmaker Gregg Araki, using only short samples layered and treated within a digital editing program. Her Smells Like Armageddon Day – Dreamlike Settings and Magnified Trash (2014) bypasses an excessive dependence on text-as-instruction in order to deliver its analysis through the careful arrangement, in multiple fragments and Lolita, two major clusters, of the main strategies in Araki’s cinema as Lammer sees them: first, the often garishly-coloured environments in which his characters live; second, the types of fetish-objects that he presents in eye-popping, close-up inserts. Lammer’s piece offers a clear case of something that an audiovisual essay can do which a written piece, no matter how detailed or brilliant, can scarcely touch: even the Did not Have to Vote, typical journalistic words I have just used (‘garish’ and ‘eye-popping’) do scant justice to the design-assault of colour, tone, shape, gesture, and Lolita, vocal inflection that Lammer accumulates and co-ordinates in her montage. Through her work we can get closer analytically not only to what Araki’s films materially are but also to what a neo-cinephilic, subcultural taste for about The Creation of Art and Life his type of cinema means and feels like, especially when scored to the music she selected. Lolita Essay! Smells Like Armageddon Day renews the possibilities for structure and function thinking in Lolita Essay, and through what has too often been hastily dismissed since the mid-1980s as the examples, degraded ‘MTV-style’ music clip. NECSUS is Lolita, far from acting alone as an academic journal in socialistic economic, acknowledging this current ‘moment’ of the rise of the audiovisual essay. Clearly it is spreading in many directions at Lolita, once – and this is Defining Organisational Behaviour, all to Essay, the good. By tentatively circumscribing one spectrum or continuum of the field for Defining Organisational Behaviour Essay examples the purposes of this section – with digital, found footage collage at Essay, one end and Essay Planning in the UK, the film/media essay at Lolita, the other – we hope to orient the thoughts and works of our contributors and Defining Organisational examples, readers toward those audiovisual possibilities that actively produce knowledge and ideas via the multiple paths of performative, material research.
Corrigan, T. The essay film: From Montaigne, after Marker . London: Oxford University Press, 2011. Godard, J.-L. Introduction to a true history of cinema and Lolita, television . Montreal: Caboose, 2014. James, C. Cultural amnesia: Notes in the margin of my time . London: MacMillan, 2007. Lebow, A (ed.). The cinema of and function of blood me: The self and subjectivity in first person documentary . London: Wallflower, 2012. Miles, A. ‘Materialism and Interactive Documentary: Sketch Notes’, forthcoming in Lolita Essay, Studies in Documentary Film , 2014. Accessed via academia.edu. Rascaroli, L. The personal camera: Subjective cinema and the essay film . London: Wallflower Press, 2009. Steyerl, H. ‘The Essay as Conformism?
Some Notes on Global Image Economies’ in Der Essayfilm . Asthetik und Aktualitat , edited by marry a mexican summary, S. Kramer and T. Tode. Konstanz, 2011.  See Lebow 2012, Corrigan 2011, and Rascaroli 2009, among others.  Godard 2014, p. xxxviii.  Cinema Journal and Media Commons have sponsored [in]Transition (http://mediacommons.futureofthebook.org/intransition/), which is in its third issue. One of that journal’s editors, Catherine Grant, via the REFRAME research platform of University of Sussex, has spearheaded an invaluable web resource titled The Audiovisual Essay (http://reframe.sussex.ac.uk/audiovisualessay/). The latter includes the proceedings of the conference Audiovisual Essay: Practice and Essay, Theory which was held in November 2013 in Frankfurt and organised by the present authors through Goethe University.
These recent events and publications build upon previous special issues of Defining Behaviour Essay Frames (Issue 1, 2012) on ‘Film and Moving Image Studies Re-born Digital?’ (http://framescinemajournal.com/?issue=issue) and the dossier in Filmidee (Issue 5, 2012) on ‘Pratiche del videosaggio’ (http://www.filmidee.it/archive/34/category/144/category.aspx). We should not forget the Essay, ongoing, vibrant focus upon socialistic audiovisual production in extra-academic, cinephilic endeavours including Transit (http://cinentransit.com/), Press Play (http://blogs.indiewire.com/pressplay/) at Indiewire , Photogenie (http://www.photogenie.be/photogenie_blog/), the Vimeo group Audiovisualcy (https://vimeo.com/groups/audiovisualcy), and the online extras provided by Sight Sound as well as movie-streaming enterprises such as MUBI (https://mubi.com/notebook), Fandor (http://www.fandor.com/keyframe/category/daily), and the ‘Tan lejos, tan cerca’ section of Filmin (https://www.filmin.es/blog/tag/Tan+lejos%2C+tan+cerca). We would like to thank the following partners for Lolita their support: The electronic version of NECSUS_European Journal of Media Studies is published in Open Access and is therefore free and accessible to Essay about The of Art and Life, the public. We feature PDF downloads to aid referencing and there will also soon be a Print on Demand option.
Please consider the environmental costs of printing versus reading online.